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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sutures are:
places where bones are fused together
axial skeleton:
skull, vertebral column, ribs, sternum
cleft palate:
common development abnormality, crack between maxillary and palatine
External auditory meatus function
Canal to inner ear
occipital condyles function
Joins with the a tlas vertebrae of the spine
foramen magnum:
large hole that spinal cord passes into
femur easily broken due to:
osteoperosis
A sesamoia bone: (and example)
doesn't connect with other bone (patella)
bump on the medial surface of ankle:
medial malleolus
os coxae structure:
fusion of 3 bones
os coxae that is hip externally:
illium
acetabulum function:
fits the head of the femur
pubic symphysis function:
gradually allow pubes to grow apart
female pelvis difference:
smaller, greater angle between pubes
appendicular skeleton:
upper and lower extermeties, pelvic bones, shoulder girdle, limbs
olecranon fossa function:
extend arm
skeletal difference in thumb:
only two phalanges
how many ribs in both sexes:
12 pairs
costal cartilage:
attatches ribs to the sternum with flexibility, allows breathing
sternum's clinical importance:
you can take blood for testing out of its cavity
how many vertebrae:
29
what types of vertebrae:
7 cervical, 12 thoracis, 5 lumbar, sacrum, coccyx
spina bifida
failure of laminae to fuse, creates tumor
odontoid process function:
permits free rotation of neck
vertebral foramen is where:
spinal cord passes through
most common back problems:
lumbar vertebrae
osteoporosis
condition that produces a reduction in bone mass great enough to damage
rickets
marked by softening and bending of bones that occurs in growing kids
rheumatoid
synovial fluid overload breaking down articular cartilage
osteoarthiris
"wear and tear" of articular cartilage