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36 Cards in this Set

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Life Without A Backbone:
* Invertebrates are animals that do not have a backbone.
* 97% of the animal kingdom are invertebrates.
* insects and some other invertebrates have exoskeletons or a hard outer covering that protects the animal's body and gives support.
Classifying - Past and Present (part 2):
* 1988 LYNN MARGULIS suggests a protoctist kingdom to replace the protist kingdom that is not widely accepted.
* 1990s some scientists propose 2 new kingdoms for classifying monerans.
Kingdoms of Living Things:
* The 5 kingdoms are Animals, Plants, Fungus, Protist, Moneran.
Kingdoms such as animal, fungi, protist, moneran have some organisms that have structures to allow them to move from place to place.
* Kingdoms such as fungi, protist, moneran have some organisms that are one-celled.
* Kingdoms such as plant, protist, moneran have some organisms that can make their own food.
* Kingdoms such as animal, fungi, protist, moneran have some organisms that use other organisms for food.
Classifying - Past and Present (part 1):
* 350 B.C. ARISTOTLE invents a system that places living things in 2 groups.
* 1750's CAROLUS LINNAEUS (the father of Modern Classification), develops a system for naming organisms.
* 1812 GEORGE CUVIER classifies everything that can move from place to place in animal kingdom.
* 1959 ROBERT WHITTAKER introduces the 5 kingdom classification system.
* 1960s LEON RODDY classifies more than 6,000 spiders and becomes a world expert on this group.
vertebra
each bone that makes up the backbone
vertebrates
animals that have backbones
invertebrates
animals that don't have backbones.
exoskeleton
a hard outer covering that protects an animal's body and gives it support.
fish
vertebrates that live in water.
gills
the feathery parts on the side of a fish's head.
amphibian
a vertebrate that usually lives in water after hatching from an egg, but as an adult can live on land.
reptile
a vertebrate that has dry, scaly skin and lays eggs that have a leathery shell.
Examples of reptiles:
crocodile
Jackson's chameleon
birds
9,000 types of birds. Birds are vertebrates that have wings and are covered with feathers.
mammals
vertebrates that feed milk to their young and have hair or fur.
molts
shedding of the old exoskeleton.
nonseed plants
do not reproduce with seeds, such as mosses and ferns.
seed plants
reproduce with seeds, including flowers and cones.
mosses
small nonseed plants that lack true roots, stems and leaves.
liverworts
nonseed plants that lack true roots, stems and leaves.
ferns
spore-forming plants that have roots, stems, and leaves.
horsetails
reproduce by spores and have underground stems.
conifers
cone-bearing plants.
monocot
a flowering plant that produces seeds that are in one piece, like corn.
dicot
flowering plant that produces seeds that have two sections, like a lima bean.
Variety of Life on Earth:
* Organisms are living things that exist on earth.
* YOU are a living organism.
* Scientists CLASSIFY (group) all living things into 5 large groups called KINGDOMS.
* Organisms placed in the same kingdom share or have certain TRAITS that organisms in that same kingdom have.
classify
to group
traits
animals share characteristics in the same kingdom.
Kingdoms of Living Things:
* The 5 kingdoms are Animals, Plants, Fungus, Protist, Moneran.
Kingdoms such as animal, fungi, protist, moneran have some organisms that have structures to allow them to move from place to place.
* Kingdoms such as fungi, protist, moneran have some organisms that are one-celled.
* Kingdoms such as plant, protist, moneran have some organisms that can make their own food.
* Kingdoms such as animal, fungi, protist, moneran have some organisms that use other organisms for food.
Classification of Animals:
* vertebra is an individual bone that makes up the backbone.
* vertebrates are animals that have backbones (spines).
* all vertebrates have 1 thing in common - they all have a backbone.
organisms
living things
List Animal Kingdom Traits:
(horse, dog, bird, etc.)
* many-celled
* most have structures for moving from place to place
* feed on other organisms
* reproduce by eggs or live birth
List traits of Plant Kingdom:
(pine tree, cactus, tulip, tomato, etc.)
* many-celled
* no structures for moving from place to place
* make their own food
* reproduce by seeds or spores
List traits of Fungus Kingdom:
(yeast, slime mold, mushroom, etc.)
* many-celled; some one-celled
* most don't have structures for moving from place to place
* absorb food from other organisms
Traits of Protist Kingdom are:
(amoeba, paramecium, diatom, algae)
* most one-celled; some many-celled
* can make their own food or feed on other organisms
* some have structures for moving from place to place
Traits of Moneran Kingdom:
(bacteria)
* very simple cells
* some make their own food; some feed on other organisms
* some have structures for moving from place to place