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11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Main character
the character who goes through the most change in the novel must tell how he/she changes from beginning to end
Setting
time and place
Point of View
First Person
Third Person
Third Person Shifting- reader knows inner thoughts of certain characters, this may change throughout the novel (from chapter to chapter)
Third Person Limited- reader knows inner thoughts of only one character
Third Person Omniscient- reader knows inner thoughts of all characters at all times
Plot
sequence of events
Exposition-background and setting
Narrative Hook-that moment when the first action of the story begins; “hooks” the reader
Rising Action- events leading up to climax; action and suspense continue to build
Climax- point of no return; decisions made at this point seal character’s fate in story; significant change for main character
Falling Action-events that result from the climax and lead to a resolution
Resolution- conclusion of the story; all conflicts are resolved; not all stories have a “neat” resolution
Theme
author’s message to the reader
Conflict
problems or struggle between two opposing forces
Internal- conflict within a character
External-struggle occurring between two or more characters; can be seen
Irony
difference between what the reader expects to happen and what actually happens
Foreshadowing
the author’s use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story
Flashback
the author’s use of clues to hint at what might happen later in the story
Figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
Metaphor- a figure of speech in which something is described as though it is something else
Personification- a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
Simile- a figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison to relate events that occurred in the past
Symbolism
an item that represents something or an idea that is much greater than it is.