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50 Cards in this Set

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a reference to a historical orliterary figure, happening or event that is meant to enhance the meaning of the story
allusion

like when they say "Venus" hinting at Aphrodite
a line spoken by an actor to the audience bu not intended for others on the stage
aside

like when romeo listens/talks to himself to/about juliet by the balcony and juliet does not kno.
a character in literature who has qualities that are sharp contrast to another character
foil

romeo : paris
a playon words that have similar sounds but more than one possible spelling or meaning
pun
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
sonnet

prologues in R&J
a londer speech that reveals the innermost thoughts and feelings of the charcter who speaks it. Just as if the character is peaking to himself/herself. Usually the character is alone on the stage. If other characters are present, they do not 'hear' the speech.
solilquy

romeo with juliet on her casket
way of increasing the tension and emotional impoact of a speech or scene
repetition
makes a direct comparison between things that are not truly alike
metaphor

it is the east, and juliet is the sun
speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a pscieal effect or mening, speech or writing employing figures of speech
figurative language
human characteristics are given to non-human things
personification
a unit of verse consisting of two successive lines, usually rhyming and having the same meter and ften forming a complete thought or synactic unit
couplet
4 characteristics of a myth
1) a story or tale
2) contains supernatural elements
3) explains the unexplainable
4) characters mirror strengths/weakenss of humans
5 reasons why we study mythology today
1) influence on art, literature, music, drama, paintings, and sculptures
2) shows how the human race thought and how they acted in ancient times
3)helps retrace path of civilized man
4)provides us with historical background
5)the english language is rooted in greek
how to identify a hero
1) heroes are often of obscure or mysterious origin
2) heroes are neither fools nor invincible
3) heroes are called upont to make a journey or to follow goal/quest
4) the hearoes ways are not always direct or clear
5) the heroes ways are beset with dangers, londliness, and temptation
6) many guest tales supply friends, servants, or disciples as company for heroes
7) heroes have guides
8) heroes descend into darkness and are not the same when they emerge from the darkness
9) what heroes seek is usally no more than a symbol of what they really find
10) with few exceptions the greek hero is male
6 characteristics of an epic
1) the hero is a figure of huge stature
2) the setting is vast
3) the actions consist of deeds of great valor (glory) heroism
4) supernatural forces are present
5)the style is one of sustained elevation
6)the pet recounts the deeds of the hero objectively
6 conventions of an epic
1) poem beings en meias res
2) poetwill retrace what has gone on before
3) catalogues are frequent
4) formal speeches are quite common
5) frequent use of the epic simile
6) invocation to the muse
Aristotle's definition of a tragedy
1) single, unified action that has a certain magnitude
2) concerns the fall of a hero whose character is good, believable and consistent
3) the fall is caused in part by some erroe in the protagonist
4) the language is beautiful
5) there is alot of action
6) at the end of the play, the audience experiences catharsis
of emotions'purifying of emotions of pity and fear
catharsis
sin of pride; sin of most tragic heroes
hubris
conventions of greek theatre
1) masks
2) boots
3) all men
3 unities
1) time - 24 hours or less
2) setting- same place throughout
3) action - one theme; gods, laws or greek vocabulary
Dr. Rathburn's characteristics of a shakespere tragedy
1) there is a central action and a tragic fall
2) causes of the fall are complicated
3) a moment of anagnoresis sometimes occurs
4) concentric circles
5) moral ambiguity
is the repetition of initial constant sounds. it gives emphasis to words to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects
alliterationthe
use of words that imitate sounds
onomatopoeia
anything that stands for or represents something else. an object that serves as a symbol, has its own meaning, but it alsp represents abstract ideas
symbol
one of the 3 major types of literature, most poems make use of highly consise, musical, and emotionally charged language
poetry
the descriptive figurative language used in literature to create word pictures for the reader
imagery
a formed division of lines in a poem, considered as a unit (Quatrain- 4lines, cinquin - 5 lines, sestet - 6 lines, heptastich - 7 lines, and octave - 8 lines)
stanza
the set of ideas associated with it in addition to its explicit meaning
connotation
the repetition of sounds at the ends of words
rhyme
awareness; moment of awakening
anagnoresis
Roman: Apollo/Delian
Master musician, archer-god, healer, God of Light, God of Truth, God of Lycia, Wolf-god, and Mous-god
Tree: Laurel
Animal: dolphin and crows
Symbol: lyre,bow/arrow
oracle: delphi
SON OF ZEUS/ TWIN BROTHER OF ARTEMIS
Apollo
Roman: Jupiter/Jove
Lord of the sky, raing ogd, cloud gatherer, and cheif of the gods
bird: eagle
symbol: thunderbolt, aegis
oracle: dodona
tree: oak
Zeus
Roman: Netprune
Ruler of the sea
symbol: trident, three pronged spear
animal: bulls and horses (made for his wife)
AKA EARTHSHAKER
Poisedon
Roman: Pluto/Dis
Ruler over the dead, fod of wealth, and kinf of the dead
symbol: helmet of invisibility, far-famed cap, black chariot
WIFE=PERSEPHONE
Hades
Roman: Vesta
Zeus' sister
Goddes of Hearth and symbol of home
symbol: fireplace
virgin goddess
Hestia
Roman: Juno
Protecterus of marriage
Zeus'wife
city: Argos
animal: cow and peacock
Hera
Roman: Mars
God of war, symbol of war
bird: vulture
animal: wronged dog
Ares
Roman: Minerva/Grey-Eyed
Goddes of wisdom, battle goddess, goddess of the city, and protector of civilized life
daughter of Zeus
city: Athens
tree: olive tree
animal: owl
Temple: Parthenon
Athena
Roman: Venus
Goddess of Love and beauty, laughter-loving goddess, and irresistible goddess
tree: myrtle
bird: dove, lustious bird sparrow, and swan
islands: cyprus and cythera
MADE FROM FOAM
Aphrodite
Roman: Mercury
Zeus'messenger, master theif, god of commerce and market, guide of the dead, and divine herald
sumbol: winged hat and sandals, caduceus
MOST FREQUENT IN GREEK MYTHS
Hermes
Roman: Diana/Cynthia
One of three madien goddesses, lady of wild things, huntsman-in-cheif, and protectress of dewy youth
symbol: silver arrow
tree: cypress
animal: any wild animals, esp deer
moon- selene
witchcraft- hecate
VIRGIN GODDESS
APOLLO'S TWIN SISTER
Artemis
Roman: Vulcan/Mulciber
God of fire, the workman of immortals, patron of handicrafts, God of ceremony
symbols: anvil, forge, fire
Hephaestus
Roman: Bacchus
God of wine, God of Drama
city: Theves
wife= aphrodite
Dinoysus
Roman: Ceres
Goddess of corn, Goddess of harvest
MOTHER OF PERSEPHONE
Demeter
she refused to help antigone
Ismene
he loved Antigone and was going to marry her
Haimon
he ordered the edict against burial
creon
blind prophet who knew the truth
teiresias
she was ready to die for a cause
antigone