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15 Cards in this Set

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Haiku
The haiku is a three line Japanese verse form consisting of 17 syllables. The first and third lines of a haiku each have five syllables. The second line has seven syllables.

5 + 7 + 5 = 17 !!

A writer of haiku uses images to create a single vivid picture generally of a scene from nature. See the examples of haiku on page 726.

Green frog,
Is your body also
freshly painted?

A whale!
Down it goes, and more and more
up goes its tail!

http://www.toyomasu.com/haiku/#whatishaiku
Personification
Personification is a type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics.

See p746, "April Birdsong" for an example. There, Langston Hughes gives the rain the ability to "kiss you", "beat upon your head", and "sing you a lullaby".

Here's another example: a kid who frequently falls of her bicycle decided that her bike hates her. Obviously a bike has no feelings and can't hate its owner, but you can pretend this.
couplet
pair of lines
that usually rhyme
(in a poem)
dialogue
conversation between characters. It is punctuated with quotation marks.

"Hi Fred."
"Don't talk to me, I you!"
"But I thought you were my friend?"
"
drama
story written to be performed by actors.
Onomatopoeia
word that imitates the sound it represents
fiction
prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events. "Cinderella"
Prose
written not to rhyme but to just inform.

Ordinary speech or writing
fable
a fable is a brief story or poem that teaches a lesson or moral. Usually has animals for characters.
flashback
looking back at an occurence in a story. In other words, during a story you suddenly are taken back to an event that happened in the past.
free verse
poetry that doesn't necessarily rhyme or have a meter (rhythm)
nonfiction
prose writing about real people, events, places, etc.
satire
makes fun of something or someone
sonnet
a 17-line poem in iambic pentameter having a rhyme scheme
stanza
A group of lines of poetry, usually set off from other groups by a space.