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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
metaphor
an imaginative comparison
simile
an imaginative comparison using "like", "as","as if", or something similar.
personification
giving human characteristics to non-human things
metonymy
an expression using a related thing to stand for the thing itself
synecdoche
an expression using a part to stand for the whole
imagery
a word or phrase that appeals to one of the five senses
pun
a play on words that are either identical or very similar in sound but different in meaning
meter
the regular arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
feet
the units of meter
free verse
irregular rhythms (and meter)
rhyme
sound repetition
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
consonance
repetition of terminal consonant sounds
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
onomatopoeia
words that sound like what they mean
parallelism
syntax that uses sentence elements of the same form
theme
the main point or idea of a work
allusion
a reference within a work to something outside of it
sign
a word that means something other than itself
symbol
a word that means something in addition to itself
epigram
a short, highly compressed poem making a wise or humorous observation and ending with a witty twist
parable
an allegorical story with 2 or more levels of meaning
fable
a pithy(short), traditional story that highlights an implied or explicitly stated moral
allegory
an extended metaphor in which the charcters and events have a meaning beyond a literal level
irony
the use of words to express a contradiction
paradox
a seeming contradiction
situational irony
a contrast between what is reasonable to expect and what actually happens
dramatic irony
a contrast between the reader's knowledge and a character's ignorance
verbal irony
a contrast between what is stated and what is really meant
structural irony
verbal irony that extends throughout an entire work
sarcasm
veral irony that is a mocking praise
satire
corrective ridicule in literature
understatement
a statement that says less than its intended meaning
hyperbole
ironic overstatement
foreshadowing
something that is said or done that warns about the future
genre
type or category of literature
poetry
genre that uses condensed throughts and words and various literary techniques
prose
genre that is not poetry, usually in paragraph form
fiction
genre that is imaginary and not necessarily based on real facts
nonfiction
genre that is real or based on reality
comedy
genre that can be humorous but has a happy ending
tragedy
genre that is serious and has a tragic ending
biography
the history of the life of a person
autobiogrpahy
a self-biography, the interpretation of an author's own life
memoirs
a person's recollection of his public life
diary
personal records of the events of a person's life
journal
personal records of the events of a person's life
anecdote
a special incident from the life of an important person
incident
basic unit of a story
flashback
earlier events that are summarized as background information
plot
all the incidents connected together
conflict
contending forces
protagonist
the main character
antagonist
the opponent to the main character
setting
the time and place of the story
atmosphere
the prevalent emotion of the story
tone
the author's attitude toward a character or situtaion
episode
one incident in a series of incidents in the same work
lyric poetry
poetry that reflects the poet's thoughts, feelings, or experiences
drama
an acted out story, using a written script
essay
autobiographical prose that reflects the author's thoughts, feelings, or experiences