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17 Cards in this Set

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Old English (anglo Saxon)
450-1066

•Developed form Oral Tradition
•8th c. Old English Poetry emerged
•Beowulf (Germanic Epic Poem)
Middle English (our present Modern English)
1066-1500

•The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
•Morte d’Arthur by Thomas Malory
The Renaissance-a cultural birth
1500-1660

•Elizabethan Age: Shakespeare, Ben Johnson, John Donne
•Jacoben Age: King James Bible (King James I reigned from 1603-1625)
•Caroline Age: Lyric Poetry emerged-Robert Herrick, John Donne (reign of King Charles I 1625-1649
•Commonwealth Period also known as the Puritan Interregum: occurred after the execution of King Charles I in 1649
•All of the above are political movements
The Neoclassical Period
1660-1785

•The Restoration: return of the constitutional monarchy, comedies return-the poet John Dryden
•The Augustan Age also known as the Age of Pope:emphasis on classicism-“the Rape of the Lock”
•The age of sensibility or the Age of Johnson: tearful situations, fainting, repentant and forgiven villains
the Romantic Period
1785-1830

•Emotion and freedom
•Stressed individual
•Spontaneity
•Solitary life rather than life in society
•Devotion to beauty, love, and the worship of nature
•---William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe, Shelley, John Keats
the Victorian Period
The Pre-Raphaelites
Aesthetism and decadence
1832-1901

•Literature was concerned with social problems
•The English novel emerged
•Moral earnestess, complacency, respectability
•Prudery
•Hypocrisy of Victorian Middle Class
•---Charles Dickens, William Thakcery, George Eliot, Brontes, Thmoas Hardy
•The Essay as a literature device emerged-Matthew Arnold
•Poets: Alfred Lord Tennyson, Brownings, Rosettis
the Edwardian Period
1901-1914

•Age of prosperity (opulence)
•Stability
•Stylish English
•---H.G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, Arnold Bennet
the Georgian Period
1910-1936

•Writers started to experiment with their writing
•---Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, Yeats, T.S. Eliot, Aldous Huxley, Graham Greene, Noel Coward
•Dramatists:---George Bernard Shaw, Somerset Maugham
the Modern and Post-Modern Periods
1914-1945

•Breaking away from established rules and traditional values
•Writers focused on the alienated’ the consciousness of the individual
•These periods include,: The Symbolist Movement, post-Impressionism, Existentialism, Expressionism, Surrealism
•The writers of this time also experimented with their work
•The artistic equivalents were emerging as well
•---Joseph Conrad, Franz Kafka, August Strindburg, Luigi Pirandello
Colonial Period
1607-1776

•Spans from the founding of 1st settlement to the revolution
•Centered on religious, practical or historical themes
•---Cotton Mather, Benjamin Franklin, Anne Bradstreet
Revolutionary Age
1765-1790

•Greatest documents of American history
•Paines Common Sense, Jefferson’s Decalartion of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, Hamilton’s the Federalist Paper’s , the Constitution of the United States
the Early National Period
1775-1828

•The 1st truly American style emerged
•---Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, Edgar Allen Poe
the Romantic Period also known as:
The American Renaissance and/or The Age of Transcendentalism
1828-1865

•The works are original and helped shape the ideas, ideals, and literary aims of many American Writers
•---Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, Dickenson, Longfellow
realistic Period
1865-1900

•Represent life as it is and convince the reader that these characters exist and the situations might happen
•Focuses on the ordinary and commonplace
•---Mark Twain, Henry James, Kate Chopin
the naturalistic Period
1900-1914

•A more accurate depiction than realism
•Often depicts life as gritty and un-just
•It aligns itself with post-Darwinism (the idea that characters are higher order animals whose character and behavior is based on heredity and environment)
•The writings are frank, crude, and tragic
•---Stephen Crane, Jack London, Theodore Dreiser, Upton Sinclair
American Modernist Period
1920’s, 30’s
The Jazz Age
The Harlem Renaissance
The “lost” Generation

1914-1939

•Experimented with form and style
•--Fitzgerald, Langston Hughes, WEB Dubois, Gertrude Stein, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, Eugene O’Neil
The contemporary period
1950’s, 60’s, 70’s
Beat Writers
Counterculture

1939-Present

•Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, Eudora Welty, John Updike, Kurt Vonnegurt, Sylvia Plath, Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams, Zora Neale Hurston, Alice Walker