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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Old English (anglo Saxon)

•Developed form Oral Tradition
•8th c. Old English Poetry emerged
•Beowulf (Germanic Epic Poem)
Middle English (our present Modern English)

•The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
•Morte d’Arthur by Thomas Malory
The Renaissance-a cultural birth

•Elizabethan Age: Shakespeare, Ben Johnson, John Donne
•Jacoben Age: King James Bible (King James I reigned from 1603-1625)
•Caroline Age: Lyric Poetry emerged-Robert Herrick, John Donne (reign of King Charles I 1625-1649
•Commonwealth Period also known as the Puritan Interregum: occurred after the execution of King Charles I in 1649
•All of the above are political movements
The Neoclassical Period

•The Restoration: return of the constitutional monarchy, comedies return-the poet John Dryden
•The Augustan Age also known as the Age of Pope:emphasis on classicism-“the Rape of the Lock”
•The age of sensibility or the Age of Johnson: tearful situations, fainting, repentant and forgiven villains
the Romantic Period

•Emotion and freedom
•Stressed individual
•Solitary life rather than life in society
•Devotion to beauty, love, and the worship of nature
•---William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe, Shelley, John Keats
the Victorian Period
The Pre-Raphaelites
Aesthetism and decadence

•Literature was concerned with social problems
•The English novel emerged
•Moral earnestess, complacency, respectability
•Hypocrisy of Victorian Middle Class
•---Charles Dickens, William Thakcery, George Eliot, Brontes, Thmoas Hardy
•The Essay as a literature device emerged-Matthew Arnold
•Poets: Alfred Lord Tennyson, Brownings, Rosettis
the Edwardian Period

•Age of prosperity (opulence)
•Stylish English
•---H.G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, Arnold Bennet
the Georgian Period

•Writers started to experiment with their writing
•---Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, Yeats, T.S. Eliot, Aldous Huxley, Graham Greene, Noel Coward
•Dramatists:---George Bernard Shaw, Somerset Maugham
the Modern and Post-Modern Periods

•Breaking away from established rules and traditional values
•Writers focused on the alienated’ the consciousness of the individual
•These periods include,: The Symbolist Movement, post-Impressionism, Existentialism, Expressionism, Surrealism
•The writers of this time also experimented with their work
•The artistic equivalents were emerging as well
•---Joseph Conrad, Franz Kafka, August Strindburg, Luigi Pirandello
Colonial Period

•Spans from the founding of 1st settlement to the revolution
•Centered on religious, practical or historical themes
•---Cotton Mather, Benjamin Franklin, Anne Bradstreet
Revolutionary Age

•Greatest documents of American history
•Paines Common Sense, Jefferson’s Decalartion of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, Hamilton’s the Federalist Paper’s , the Constitution of the United States
the Early National Period

•The 1st truly American style emerged
•---Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, Edgar Allen Poe
the Romantic Period also known as:
The American Renaissance and/or The Age of Transcendentalism

•The works are original and helped shape the ideas, ideals, and literary aims of many American Writers
•---Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, Dickenson, Longfellow
realistic Period

•Represent life as it is and convince the reader that these characters exist and the situations might happen
•Focuses on the ordinary and commonplace
•---Mark Twain, Henry James, Kate Chopin
the naturalistic Period

•A more accurate depiction than realism
•Often depicts life as gritty and un-just
•It aligns itself with post-Darwinism (the idea that characters are higher order animals whose character and behavior is based on heredity and environment)
•The writings are frank, crude, and tragic
•---Stephen Crane, Jack London, Theodore Dreiser, Upton Sinclair
American Modernist Period
1920’s, 30’s
The Jazz Age
The Harlem Renaissance
The “lost” Generation


•Experimented with form and style
•--Fitzgerald, Langston Hughes, WEB Dubois, Gertrude Stein, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, Eugene O’Neil
The contemporary period
1950’s, 60’s, 70’s
Beat Writers


•Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, Eudora Welty, John Updike, Kurt Vonnegurt, Sylvia Plath, Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams, Zora Neale Hurston, Alice Walker