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25 Cards in this Set

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A story in which people, things,and events have another symbolic meaning
allegory
multiple meanings a literary work may communicate, especially two meanings that are incompatible
ambiguity
direct address, usually to someone or something that is not present
apostrophe
implications of a word or phrase, as opposed to its exact meaning (denotation)
connotation
a device of style or subject matter so often used that it becomes a recognized means of expression. for example, a lover observing the literacy love conventions cannot eat or sleep and grows pale and lean
convention
the dictionary meaning of a word, as opposed to connotation
denotation
explicitly instructive
didactic
the use of material unrelated to the subject of the work
digression
a pithy saying, often using contrast. the epigram is also a verse form, usually brief and pointed.
epigram
a figure of speech using indirection to avoid bluntness
euphemism
characterized by distortion or incongruities
grotesque
deliberate exaggeration, overstatement. as a rule, hyperbole is self-conscious, without the intention of being accepted literally
hyperbole
the special language of a profession or group
jargon
not figurative; accurate to the letter; matter of fact or concrete
literal
songlike; characterized by emotion, subjectivity and imagination
lyrical
a combination of opposites; the union of contradictory terms.
oxymoron
a story designed to suggest a principle, illustrate a moral, or answer a question; allegorical stories
parable
a statement that seems to be self-contradicting but, in fact, true
paradox
a figurative use of language which endows the nonhuman with human characteristics
personification
a quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can trust. there are both reliable and unreliable narrators, that is, tellers of a story who should or should not be trusted.
reliablity
a question asked for effect, not in expectation of reply.
rhetorical question
a speech in which a character who is alone speaks his or her thoughts aloud. a monologue also has a single speaker but the monologuist speaks to others who do not interrupt
soliloquy
a conventional pattern, expression, character or idea
stereotype
a form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them. A syllogism begins with a major premise ("all tragedies end unhappily") followed by a minor premise ("Hamlet is a tragedy") and a conclusion (Therefore, "Hamlet ends unhappily")
syllogism
the theme, meaning, or position that a writer undertakes to prove or support
thesis