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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
exposition
the kind of writing that is intended primarily to present information
figurative language
language that is not intended to be interpreted in a literal sense
flashback
a scene in a short story, a novel, a narrative poem, or a play that interrupts the action to show an event that happened earlier
foot
a unit used to measure the meter of a line of poetry
foreshadowing
the use of hints or clues in a narrative to suggest what action is to come
frame story
a narrative that contains another narrative
free verse
unrhymed verse that has either no metrical pattern or an irregular pattern
Gothic
a term that describes the use in fiction of grotesque, gloomy settings and mysterious, violent, and supernatural occurrences to create suspense and awe
haiku
a Japanese verse form consisting of three lines and seventeen syllables
Harlem Renaissance
a flowering of black writing, art, and music in the 1920s
hyperbole
a figure of speech using exaggeration for special effect
iamb
a poetic foot consisting of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
iambic pentameter
the most common verse line in English and American poetry; it consists of five feet, with each foot an iamb
imagery
words of phrases that create pictures, or images, in the reader's mind
Imagism
a movement in American and English poetry begun in 1912 by the American poet Ezra Pound; uses direct concentration on the precise image
irony
a contrast or an incongruity between what is stated and what is meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
verbal irony
the writer or speaker says one thing but means another
dramatic irony
the reader or audience perceives something that a character in the story or play doesn't know
irony of situation
the writer shows a discrepancy between the expected result of some action or situation and its actual result
local color
the use of specific details describing dialect, dress, customs, and scenery associated with a particular region or section of the country
lyric
a poem, usually a short one, that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts and feelings
metaphor
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things which are basically dissimilar
meter
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
metonymy
a figure of speech in which something very closely associated with a thing is used to stand for or suggest the thing itself
mood
the prevailing feeling or emotional climate of a literary work, often developed, at least in part, through descriptions of setting
motif
a recurring feature (such as a name, an image, or a phrase) in a work of literature
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
Naturalism
an extreme form of realism in which the character is controlled by his heredity or environment
octave
an eight-line poem or stanza
ode
a complex and often lengthy lyric poem, written in a dignified formal style on some lofty or serious subject
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning
oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory ideas or terms, as in "sweet sorrow," "wise fool," "living death," and "honest thief"
paradox
a statement that reveals a kind of truth, although it seems at first to be contradictory or untrue