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25 Cards in this Set

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alliteration
the repetition of identical or similar consonany sounds, normally at the beginning of words.
assonance
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds
ballad meter
unrhymed iambic pentameter
dactyl
a metrical foot of three syllables, an accented syllable followed by two unaccented syllables.
end-stopped
a line with a pause at the end (punctuation)
free verse
poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical
heroic couplet
two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa,bb,cc with the thought usually completed in the two-line unit
hexameter
a line containing six feet
iamb
a two-syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sound suggests their meaning.
pentameter
a line containing five feet
rhyme royal
a seven line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer
sonnet
normally a 14 line iamic pentameter poem
stanza
usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme
terza rima
a 3 line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc
tetrameter
a line of four feet
antecedent
that which goes before, especially the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
clause
a group of words containing a subject and its verb that may or may not be a complete sentence
ellipsis
the omission of a word or several words necessary for a complete construction that is still understandable
imperative
the mood of a verb that gives an order
modify
to restrict or limit in meaning
parallel structure
a similar grammatical structure within a sentence or with a paragraph. Winston Churchill's "We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields" speech depicts chiefly on the use of parallel structure
periodic sentence
a sentence gramatically complete only at the end. A loose sentence is gramatically complete before the period. The following are (1) periodic and (2) loose sentences
1. WHen conquering love did first my hear assail,/ Unto mine aid I summoned every sense
2. Fair is love, and cruel as she's fair
syntax
the structure of a sentence