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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
cacophony
harsh, discordant sounds, unpleasant to the ear- used for effect
carpe diem
"sieze the day"- life is not a dress rehearsal
chiasmus
inverting a line that would usually be in parallel form
colloquial
slang, everyday conversation
conceit
a far-fetched comparison between two seemingly unlike things
consonance
same consonant sound in words with different vowel sounds
conventional character
character with traits that are expected or traditional
couplet
two successive rhyming lines of the same number of syllables, with matching rhythm
dactyl
foot of poetry with 3 syllables, one stressed and 2 short or unstressed
denouement
the outcome or clarification at the end of a story or play
deus ex machina
unlikely or improbable coincidence a cop-out ending
didactic
author's primary purpose is to instruct
enjambment
in poetry, the running over of a sentence into the next without stopping
epigram
short, clever poem with a witty turn of thought
epigraph
brief quote found at the beginning of a literary work, reflecting the theme
epistolary novel
a novel in letter form written by one or more of the characters
euphony
pleasant sounds, usually by "sh"
farce
kind of comedy that depends on exaggerated or improbable situations
foll
character whose personal characteristics enhance or contrast with the protagonist
free verse
poetry with no rhyme or rhythm
genre
poetry, prose, drama
heroic couplet
a ryhmed couplet with iambic pentameter
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration for literary effect- not interpreted literally
in medias res
a work that begins in the middle of the story
inversion
switching word order
Italian sonnet
14-line poem divided into 2 parts (8 then 6)
litotes
affirmation of an idea by using a negative understatement (opposite of hyperbole)
lyric poem
expresses feelings of a single speaker
metonymy
figure of speech that replaces the name of something with a word or phrase closely associated to it
pastoral
a poem representing shepherding
quatrain
4-line stanza
sonnet
14-line love poem in iambic pentameter
stock character
stereotypical character with certain characteristics
synecdoche
figure of speech where one part represents the entire object
anachronism
element in a story with is out of its time frame- usually humorous
apotheosis
elevating someone to the level of a god
assonance
repeated use of a vowel sound
aubade
poem or song about lovers who must leave one another in the early hours of morning
ballad
folk song or poem passed down that tells a possible true story