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45 Cards in this Set

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A narrative or description having a second meaning beneath the surface one
allegory
a reference, explicit or implicit, to something in literature or history
allusion
repetition of an opening word or phrase in a series of lines
anaphora
a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply
apostrophe
the repetition at close intervals of the vowel sounds of accented syllables or important words
assonance
unrhymed iambic pentameter
blank verse
a harsh, discordant, unpleasant-sounding choice and arragement of sounds
cacophony
a speech pause occurring within a line
caesura
what a word suggests beyond its basic definition; a word's overtones of meaning
connotation
the repetition at close intervals of the final consonant sounds of accented sylables or important words
consonance
two successive lines, usually in the same meter, lined by rhyme
cuplet
Inversion of the normal syntactic order of words
anastrophe
the speaker poses a question and then answers the question.
hypophora
the basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word
denotation
a sonnet rhyming ababcdcdefefgg, its content or structure ideally parallels the rhyme scheme, falling into three corrdinate quatrains and a concluding couplet
English/Shakespearean sonnet
a smooth, pleaseant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds
euphony
a figure of speech sustained or developed through a considerable number of lines or through a whole poem
extended/sustained figure
a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel is in either the second or third last syllable of the words involved (for example, ceiling-appealing, hurrying-currying)
feminine rhyme
nonmetrical poetry in which the basic rhythmic unit is the line, and in which pauses, line breaks, and formal patterns develop organically from the reguirements of the individual poem rather than from established poetic forms; unrhymed; no set metrical pattern
free verse
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used in service of truth
overstatement/hyperbole
the representation through language of sense experience
imagery
a sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abbaabba and of a sestet using any arrangement of two or three additional rhymes, such as cdcdcd or cdecde
italian/petrarchan sonnet
a figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience
metonymy
a compact paradox in which two successive words seemingly contradict each other
oxymoron
a statement or situation containing apparently contradictory or incompatible elements
paradox
a restatement of the content of a poem designed to make its prose meaning as clear as possible
paraphrase
a figure of speech in which human attributes are given to an animal, an object, or a concept
personification
a four-line stanza; a four line division of a sonnet marked off by its rhyme scheme
quatrain
a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanzaic form
refrain
any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound
rhythm
the repetition of the accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds in important or importantly positioned words
rhyme
bitter or cutting speech; speeching inteded by its speaker to give pain to the person addressed
sarcasm
a kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the ostensible purpose of bringing about reform or of keeping others from falling into similar folly or vice
satire
the process of measuring metrical verse, that is, of marking acceted and unaccented syllables, dividing the lines into feet, identifying the metrical pattern, and noting significant variations from that pattern
scansion
a six-line stanza; the last six lines of a sonnet structured on that italian model
sestet
a figure of speech in which an explicit comparison is made between two things essentially unlike by using like, as, than similar to, resembles, or seems
similie
a group of lines whose metrical pattern is repeated throughout a poem
stanza
a figure of speech in which something means more than what it is.
symbol
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole
synecdoche
presentation of one sense experience in terms usually associated with another sensation
synesthesia
an interlocking rhyme scheme with the pattern aba bcb cdc, etc
terza rima
the central idea of a literary work
theme
the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject, the audience, or herself or himself
tone
a figure of speech that consists of saying less than one means, or of saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrents
understatement
a nineteen-line fixed form consisting of five tercets rhymed aba and a concluding quatrain rhymed abaa, with lines 1 and 3 of the first tercet serving as refrains in an alternating patter through line 15 and then repeated as lines 18 and 19
villanelle