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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Amoeban
dialogue, one person exchanges remarks with another
anaphora
repitition of a word or phrase for emphasis, heightens emotional intensity and writing level
antithesis
striking contrast of ideas brought face to face, "I love and I hate":oxymoron
Apostrophe
"turning away" from one audience to another that is dead, absent, or inanimate, at times in mock tragic effect
Asyndeton
ommision of conjunctions for rhetorical effect, "veni, vidi, vici". "amant amantur". can introduce contrast, speed and economy add to effects of striking beauty
Caesura
pausing of a metrical foot in midline by end of a word
catalogue
poetic list
Chiasmus
ABBA word order
Conceit
elaborate or far-fetched idea, sometimes for humor
Diaresis
matching end of a word with end of a metrical foot. -pauses line
Diminutive
any word with lus suffic- affection and heightens sense of informal intamacy, also can exhibit contempt or pity
Double Dative
dative of personal reference with dative of purpose or result, as an idiom
Ecphrasis
digression in a larger story to describe a picture or artifact- poem 64
Ellipsis
ommision of a word that can be understoofd from contezt
Enjambment
running of a phrase from one verse to the next, especially when words are closely connected. Puts emphasis on word at beginning of next line
Epic Simile
extended comparison- Homeric Simile, poem 64
Gnomic Perfect
generalizing use of perfect tense, what was true in the past is always so
Golden Line
dactylic hexameter line
Hapax Legomenon
a word used only once in the literature, coined by poet, creates rarity
Hellenistic
Mediteranean Civilization- philosophy, science, and math, arts, architecture, and city planning
Hendiadys
single thought through 2 independent words joined by a conjunction "nice and warm" "new and discovered"
Hetaera
courtesan from Asia Minor, made famous in Greece
Hiatus
metrical "yawning", normally alided, but not, mock tragic effect "o factum male-o miselle passer"
Hyperbaton
separation of words that naturally go together,more formal, raises prose to poetry, 61 and 64
Hypermetry
elision of a syllable at end of line with beginning of next- 11, 22, 34
Iambic Shortening
colloquial shortening of iambic disyllable to two short syllables
iambics
poems or verses of abuse, also hendecasyllabics for catullus
litotes
double negative
lyric
associated with song and the lyre- praise and publicity
Meiosis
understatementto make something greater by making light of it
Metonymy
one thing is substituted by a thing associated with it
Oxymoron
paradox arrestingly expressed by juxtaposition of opposite words
Paraprosdokia
surprise where we expect a different word than we get, often used with enjambment
parataxis
juxtaposition of words without logical conjunctions, opposite of hypotaxis
periphrasis
longer indirect way of saying something, flourished
Persona
mask that an orator assumes to project a suitable image of himself- poor- cobwebs and broken footed couch
Pleonasm
redundancy for emphasis contrast double negatives
Resolution
use of two short syllables where meter usually calls for one long
Strophe
stanza of lyric poetry, two or three repeated lines and a closing shorter line
Substitution
two short with a long, dactyle with a spondee, opposite is resolution
Syncope
abbreviation of a word for meter
Synizesis
sollapsing of two vowels into one for meter, like elisions but in a single word
Topos
theme or type of piece, generally known to audience
Zeugma
joining of dissimmilar words in one construction