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38 Cards in this Set

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genre
a division or type of literature
Ex:poetry prose and drama
short stories
a brief work of fiction
novels
a long work of fiction
poetry
one of three major types of literature
ex:concrete lyric epic
drama
a story written to be performed by actors
direct characterization
author directly states a characters traits
autobiography
is a form of nonfiction in which a person tells his or her own life story
exposition
writing or speech that explains a process or presents information
conflict
a stuggle between opposing forces
indirect characterization
author tells what a vharacter looks like, does, says, and how other characters react to him or her
plot
events in a literature work
climax
of story novel or play is the high point of suspense
resolution
end of the central conflict
verbal irony
words used to suggest the opposite of what is meant
situational irony
an event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience
allusion
reference to a well known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
antagonist
is a character or force in a conflict with the main character or protagonist
essay
short nonfiction work about a particular subject
narrator
speaker or character who tells the story
setting
of a literary work is the time and place of the action
myth
fictional tale that explains the actions of gods or the causes of natural phenomena
descriptive writing
uses sensory details those that appeal to the 5 senses: sight,hearing,taste,smell,and touch
epic
a long narrative poem about the deeds of gods or heroes
point of view
which in turn determines the type and amount of information the writter can reveal
dramatic irony
contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows to be true
protagonist
main character in a literary work
foeshadowing
use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur
satire
style of writting that useshumor sometimes gentle and sometimes biting to criticize people, ideas, or institutions in hopes in improing
symbolism
anything that stands for or represents something else
theme
central message or insight into life revealed through a literary work
stereotype
a form that does not change
allegory
story in which people things and actions represent an idea or a generalization about life
analogy
comparison of two or more similar objects suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects they will probably be alike in other ways as well
external conflict
main character struggles with an outside force
internal conflict
involves a character in conflict with himself or hreself
generlization conflict
idea emphasizing the general characteristics rather than the specific details of asubject
persuasive writing
is a form of talking
parts of speech
noun pronoun verb adjective adverb preposition conjuction