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31 Cards in this Set

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in a dramatic work, a speech in which a character speaks his or her private thoughts a loud
sililoquy
____ irony is when someone says one thing but means another
verbal
ordinary language, speech, or writing which is not poetry
prose
____ irony is when the audience konws more than the characters
dramatic
in broad terms, literature, especially drama, in which actions and events turn out disastrously for the main character or characters
tragedy
____ irony is when one thing is expected to happen but something entirely different occurs
situational
a literary technique in which ideas, customs, behaviors, or institutions are ridiculed for the purpose of improving society
satire
a form of figurative language that makes a comparison between two things that have something in common

ex.Love is a door we shall open together.
metaphor
it literally means "name-making", it is the process of creating or using words that imitate sounds

ex.hiss, bang, buzz
onomatopoeia
a contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens
irony
a figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to an object, animal, or idea
personification
to tell a story or give a description in detail
narration
prose writing that is about real people, places, and events
nonfiction
the time and place of the action of a short sotry, novel, play, narrative poem, or narrative nonfiction work
setting
language arranged in lines
poetry
the central character in a story or play
protagonist
a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself
symbol
a short moral story

ex.Bible
parable
the attitude a writer takes toward a subject
tone
a play on words, sometimes on different senses of the same word and sometimes on the similar sense or sound of different words
pun
a technique used by speakers or writers to convince an audience to adopt an opinion, preform an action, or both
persuasion
the chain of related events that take place in a story

*exposition, rising action, climax, falling action
plot
a work of fiction that can be read in one sitting

*plot, character, setting, point of view, theme
short story
the use of similar grammatical constructions to express ideas that are related or equal in importance
parallelism
imitates or mocks another serious work or type of literature
parody
the narrative method used in a short story, novel, or nonfiction selection
point of view
a stated comparison between two things that are actually unlike but that have something in common
simile
an extended work of fiction
novel
an exaggerated statement or account
overstatement
in literature, simplified or stock characters who conform to a fixed pattern or are defined by a single trait
stereotype
central idea or message in a work of literature
theme