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25 Cards in this Set

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Alliteration
the repetition of sounds in nearby words

ex. flags floating free
Apostrophe
a figure of speech consisting of words addressing an inanimate object, abstract idea, or deceased individual

ex. "Oh, Canada..."
Aside
in drama, lines spoken by a character in a lower voice, or directly to the audience
Assonance
repetition of internal vowel sounds. Can slow the pace of the poem.
Ballad
a long narrative poem which tells a story
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter.
(5 beats/line, emphasis on 2nd syllable)
found in much of Shakespeare's work
Cacophony
the use of harsh, discordant sounds for poetic effect

ex. "All day cows mooed and shrieked/ hollered and bellowed and wept..."
Consonance
the repetition of the same consonant sound within words close together

ex. "Such weight and thick pink bulk..."
Couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that connect together, usually by rhyme

ex. "Hear it not, Duncan; for it is a knell/ that summons thee to heaven or to hell"
Epic
a long narrative poem telling about the deeds of a great hero

ex. The Illiad and Odyssey
Epigram
short, witty poem or statement

ex. I don't mind eels/ except as meals
Epitaph
a serious or humourous poem on a gravestone

ex. Here lies dear old Uncle Bill/ We loved him then and always will
Euphony
the pleasant, musical quality produced by agreeable sounds in a line of poetry
Free Verse
poetry which has no regular patterns of rhyme, meter, or line length
Hyperbole
an exaggeration not intended to deceive

ex. If I don't do my homework, my mother will die.
Imagery
choosing words to create a strong picture or image in the reader's mind

ex. A blanket of soft snow covered the sleeping tractor.
Lyric
a poem, usually a short one that expreses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings
Onomatopoeia
a word whose sound suggests its meaning

ex. ouch, buzz, snarl, groan
Oxymoron
a phrase consisting of contradictory terms

ex. glorious pain, safe sex, jumbo shrimp, tough love, a definite possibility
Personification
giving non-human things human characteristics

ex. The wind whispered throughout the night.
Simile
the comparison of two unlike objects using "like" or "as"
Soliloquy
in drama, a speech delivered by a character alone on the stage
Sonnet
a lyrical poem consisting of 14 lines in iambic pentameter
Stanza
a group of several lines of a poem, usually separated from the next stanza by a space
Theme
the main idea of a story