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44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adventure novel
more emphasis on plot than character development
allegory
extended metaphor in which objects and persons in a narrative are equated with meanings that lie outside the narrative
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
allusion
brief reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event
anadiplosis
repetition of the last words of one phrase at the beginning of the next
analogy
comparison of two things to clarify a difficult idea
anaphora
the repetition of the same words or words at the beginning of successive phrases
antithesis
juxtaposition of two strongly contrasting ideas
apostrophe
direct address of a person or personified thing
assonance
the use of similar vowel sounds repeatedly
burlesque
ridicules a style, literary form, or subject
chiasmus
a crossing parallelism: instead of AB, AB, the structure is AB, BA.
coming-of-age story
recounts an initiation into adulthood
conceit
an elaborate comparison or image.

ex: comparing one to a planet or ship
epistrophe (antistrophe)
the repetition of a phrase or word at the end of successive phrases
epithet
an adjective concisely qualifying and characterizing a noun
epizeuxis
the repetition of a single word for emphasis.
flashback
a device allowing an author to present events that ocurred before the current narration
frame
a narrative structure that provides a setting and exposition for the main narrative in a novel
humanism
new emphasis on human culture, education, and reason sparked by a revival of interest in classical elements of nature
hyperbole
exaggeration used for emphasis
invective language
abusive, vituperative language
lampoon
crude, coarse, or bitter satire of a person's character or appearance
literary quality
a judgement about the value of a novel as literature
metonymy
a metaphor similar to synecdoche. a closely associated object is substituted for the object or idea in mind
synecdoche
a metaphor in which the part stands for the whole, the whole for a part, etc.

ex: farmer jones has two hundred head of cattle
zeugma
a linkage of two or more parts of speech by another part of speech: a subject with two verbs, two subjects with one verb, a verb with two direct objects.
Elements of Style
FLLOSS:

structure and Design
literary elements
literary techiniques
figurative language
sound voices
elements of structure and design
diction, syntax, details, clarity, fluency, tone, theme, language, narrative pacing
elements of literary elements
imagery symbolism archetype characterization conflict mood plot point of view setting
examples of literary techniques
allegory, allusion, analogy, antithesis, anecdote, foreshadowin, hyperbole, irony, pardoy, pun sarcasm satire
examples of figurative language
apostrophe, conceit, metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, pun, simile, synecdoche
examples of sound voices
alliteration, assonance, sonsonance, internal rhyme, onomatopoeia, rhyme , rhythm, slant rhyme
Tone acronym
DIDLS

diction
imagery
details
language
syntax
anaphora
reptition of the same word at the beginning of successive clauses
ellipsis
the deliberate omission of a word implied by context
baroque style of sentence
kernel found at beginning, followed by subordinating clauses
loose baroque style
many subordinated clauses, ornate language, complex structure FOLLOWING kernel
curt baroque sentence
avoids long flowing rhythm from long clauses. CHOPPY
periodic style
kernel found at end of sentence
hypotactic
high density from dependent structures
paratactic
independent arrangement of clauses and phrases without connectives
DETAILS acronym
SVAWPC

sensory detail
vivid verbs
abstract concepts
word pictures
precise modifiers
concrete nouns
diction acronym
LEAD

low/informal (jargon, dialect, slang)
elevated/high/formal
abstract vs. concrete
denotation vs. connotation