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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
fiction
prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events.
short story
a brief work of fiction
plot
the sequence of events in a literary work.
exposition
writing or speech that explains, informs, or presents information.
inciting incident
introduces the central conflict
rising action
all the events that precede the climax.
complication
the main problem.
central conflict
when a character strives to meet a self-imposed challenge; main problem for a character.
climax
the hight point of interest or suspense in a literary work.
falling action
all the events that follow the climax.
resolution
the end of the central conflict; how the conflict ends.
setting
the time and place of the action.
character
a person that takes part in a literary work.
flat characters
have only one or two characteristics.
round characters
complicated and exhibit numerous qualities or traits.
dynamic characters
characters who are changed by the events that happen in the story.
static characters
characters who stay the same throughout the entire story.
stereotype characters
characters that are easily recognized and overly simplified.
characterization
the act of creating and developing a character.
direct characterization
whent the character's traits are stated.
indirect characterization
whent the character's personality is shown through his or her actions.
conflict
a struggle between opposing forces.
protagonist
the main character in a literary work.
antagonist
a character or force in conflict with the main character.
external conflict
involves a force outside the story.
man against man
man against society
man against nature
man against supernatural
types of external conflicts
internal conflict
conflict inside a character
man against himself
type of internal conflict
point of view
the perspective, or vantage point, from which a story is told.
first person
if the character tells the story directly using I, me, and we.
third person
if the narrator reveals only one character's inner thougths and is not himself or herself a character in the story.
omniscient
when the narrator knows everything about every character and you find out everything, not just their opinions.
limited
comes from one character's view on other objects and people.
objective
when only the facts about things are given.
theme
a central, concern, or purpose in a literary work.
mood
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.
suspense
a feeling of growing curiosity or anxious uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work.
foreshadowing
the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that has yet to occur.
flashback
a section of a literary work that interrupts the sequence of events to relate an event from an earlier time.
dialogue
a conversation between characters.
dialect
the form of a language spoken by people in a particular region or group.
irony
the general name given to literary techniques that involve surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions.
verbal irony
words are used to suggest the opposite of their meaning.
irony of situation
an event that occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the reader or audience.
symbolism
anything that stands for or represents something else.