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42 Cards in this Set

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genre
a type of literary work
short story
a type of literary work that is brief, with few characters, plot is limited, single unique effect, one of two settings
setting
where and when a literary work takes place
plot
sequence of events in a literary work
plotline
intro:rising action:climax:falling action: conclusion
climax
high point or turning point of a literary work
conflict
struggle between opposing forces
1. man versus man
2. man versus nature
3. man versus society
4. man verses himself
external conflict
conflict or struggle with outside forces
internal conflict
a struggle with oneself
theme
the main idea or message theauthor is attempting to get across to the reader
foreshadowing
hint or clue of whats going to happen next or by the end of a literary work
flashback
a device by which the writer of fiction or drama presents scenes or incidents that occured prior to the opening of the literary work. it can be doen through character recollections, narration, dream sequences and day dreaming.
characterization
methods an author uses to develp a character
1. physical appearance
2. speech and actions
3. inner thoughts and feelings
4. interaction with other people
flat character
a character that is not well developed serves to develop the round character
round character
a character that is fully developed
static character
a character who remains the same from beginning to end despite what happens in the story
dynamic character
a character who changes due to the events in the story
indirect characterization
the author reveals the character through the characters traits through the characters words and actions and by what others say about him
direct characterization
the writer directly states the characters personality, appearance, and action
protagonist
main character in a literary work
antagonist
the one against or in a conflict with the main character
satire
the writing that sometimes humorous that mocks or criticized ideas, individuals, institutions or social conventions
allusions
a casual reference to an individual (literary figure) or event in english literature
symbol
represents something else ; an object,character, even or setting used in such a way that it represents something beyoned itself
irony
the contrast between what is expected and what actually is
verbal irony
suggests the opposite of it's usual meaning "what a great day for a picnic (its snowing)"
situational irony
an event that occurs that contradicts the expections of the characters, readers, or audience
dramatic irony
the difference between what the character thinks and what the other characters and or audience know
narrator
one who tells the story
narration
the story itself told by someone
point of view
the way the author presents the actions of the story
omniscient point of view
always written in the 3rd person; The story is writeen from the point of view of an observer, who can see what is going on in the mind of the characters. The writer tells what all the different character in the story hear, feel, see, think
first-person point of view
the story is told by one of the characters but not necessarily the author themself
third-person point of view
the author may tell the story as if he doesnt comprehend the importance of what he is saying. one characters fellings may be understood.
alliteration
multiple words with same letter (constant) or sound with 2 or more words
personification
human characteristics to things that aren't living
metaphor
comparing thing without like or as
simile
comparing things with like or as
suspense
element in a literary work that keeps the reader wanting to know what happens next.
rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem. rhyme is the repitions of sounds at the ends of the words
imagery
the use of language to represent objects, actions, feelings, thoughts, ideas, states or mind and any other scensory of extrasnesory images. done through the five senses
tone
the writer's attitude toward his audience or subject the tone of a literary work can often be described by a single adjective such as a formal or informal, serious or playful, bitter or ironic