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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
allegory
a tale in prose or verse in which characters, actions, or settings represent abstract ideas or moral qualities
alliteration
the repitition of initial consonant sounds in words
analogy
the comparison between two things to show similarities between them
anapest
a poetic foot consisting of two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable
antagonist
a person or force opposing the protagonist in a drama or narrative
aphorism
a terse, pointed statement expressing a wise or clever observation about life
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which an absent or dead person, an abstract quality, or something inanimate or nonhuman is addressed directly
aside
in drama, a short speech spoken by a character in an undertone or directly to the audience
assonance
the repitition or vowel sounds, especially in poetry
ballad
a story told in verse and usually meant to be sung
blank verse
verse written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
caesura
a break or pause in a line of poetry, which contributes to the rhythm of the poem
Classicism
a movement or tendency in art, literature, ad music reflecting the principles manifested in the art of ancient Greece and Rome
climax
the decisive point in a narrative or dreama; the point of greatest intensity or interest
conceit
a kind of metaphor that makes a comparison between two stratlingly different things
concrete poetry
poetry that uses appearance of the verse lines on the page to suggest or inanimate the poem's subject
confessional poetry
poetry that makes frank, explicit use of incidents in the poet's life
conflict
a struggle between two opposing forces or characters in a short story
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
dactyl
a poetic foot consisting of a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
denouement
the outcome of a plot
dialect
the characteristic speech of a particular region of social group
diction
a writer's choice of words, particularly for clarity, effectiveness, and precision
dramatic monologue
a narrative poem in which one character speaks to one or more listeners whose replies are not given in the poem
elegy
a poem of mourning, usually over the death of an individual
epic
a long narrative poem describing the deeds of a great hero and reflecting the values of the culture from which it originated
epigram
a short, witty statement in prose or verse
epigraph
a quotation or motto at the beginning of a chapter, book, short story, of poem that makes some point about the work
epitaph
an inscription on a gravestone or a short poem written in memory of someone who has died
epithet
a descriptive name or phrase used to characterize someone or something, such as "fair-weather friend" or "Catherine the Great"
essay
a prose work, usually short, that deals with a subject in a limited way and expresses a particular point of view
consonance
the repetition of similar consonant sounds withing a group of words
allusion
a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that a writer expects a reader to recognize