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89 Cards in this Set

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Background information such as characters, setting etc. presented in a literary work
exposition
A comic imitation of a well-known literary work that ridicules the original through the use of allusion and exaggeration
parody
A longer, sustained comparison developed through a piece of literature; a conceit
extended metaphor
A story that operates on more than one level and includes a strong moral message
parable
The body of devices such as metaphor, imagery and sybols that enables a writer to operate on more than the literal level
figurative language
The movement of a literary piece from one point to another
pacing
A literary technique that allows a writer to refer to past thoughts, happening etc
flashback
A image of contradictory terminology like bittersweet and pretty ugly
oxymoron
The overall shape of a literary work;its structure
form
Words that sound like the cound they represent; snap
onomatopoeia
Literary exaggeration for comic or dramatic effect
hyperbole
The speaker in a story; the character who represents the speaker
narrator
A verbal representaion of sensory details
imagery
A specific example of a verbal representation of sensory details
image
A process of thinking that moves thought from the specific to the general
induction
The repition of concepts, images, ideas in a work used to develop a theme
motif
The pen is mightier than the sword. The press.
metonymy
The process of reasoning. An orderly way of processing an argument
logic
A conclusion one can draw from given (often implied) details
inference
A verbally abusive atttack often seen in political advertising
invective
A mistake in reasoning; a fault in the thought process
logical fallacy
An unexpected twist or contrast between what occurts in a story and what was expected or intended to occur
irony
The main or central character in a work of literature
protagonist
The character who presents opposition or conflict to the main character
antagonist
A suggestion or hint in a story for events which occur later on
foreshadowing
Aspects of a story which elicit pity and sorrow from the audience
pathos
the so-called sound of the story; it relates to personal style
voice
The organization and form of a work of literature
structure
The opposite of exaggeration; often subtle diction used to creat irony or sarcasm
understatement
A word or phrase that connects one aspect of a work to anoth; "connective tissue"
transition
The author's attitude towards his subject
tone
The author's position in a piece of writing; his stance; his assertion or claim
point-of view
The underlying central point of a work; the ideas an author illustrates in fiction
theme
The grammatical structure of a work; an author's word arrangement
syntax
"All hands on deck". Using a part to represent a whole
synecdoche
Something in literature which operates on a literal and figurative level; an item which represents itself as well as some bigger idea
symbol
The formal format used to presnt an argument including major premise, minor premise, and conclusion
syllogism
A unit of a poem; a section
stanza
A term that describe writing that is overly didactic
pedantic
An indirect comparison using words like or as
simile
The author's attitude towards his subject
tone
The author's position in a piece of writing; his stance; his assertion or claim
point-of view
The underlying central point of a work; the ideas an author illustrates in fiction
theme
The grammatical structure of a work; an author's word arrangement
syntax
"All hands on deck". Using a part to represent a whole
synecdoche
Something in literature which operates on a literal and figurative level; an item which represents itself as well as some bigger idea
symbol
The formal format used to presnt an argument including major premise, minor premise, and conclusion
syllogism
A unit of a poem; a section
stanza
A term that describe writing that is overly didactic
pedantic
An indirect comparison using words like or as
simile
the assigning of human qualities to inanimate objects or concepts
personification
A type of argument designed to cause action on the part of an audience
persuasion
The time and location of a story
setting
A play on words having wit, cleverness and comic impect
pun
A mode of writing which ridicule institutions of society
satire
A type of comic technique which makes fun using caustic and moking language
sarcasm
A type of question which doesn't require an answer
rhetorical question
The entire process of written communication
rhetoric
A Latin term used to describe complex arguments that have been presented as having simple solutions
reductio ad absurdum
The specific instructions given to performers within a play
stage directions
the presentation of two contrasting ideas. An opposing opinion
antithesis
Indicated by 3 periods that show that some material has been omitted from the test
elipsis
Refers to language that describes concepts rather than concrete images
abstract
A clash between opposing forces in literature
conflict
In an argument, and attack on the person instead of the ideas he is presenting
ad hominem
The literal defination of a word
denotation
the interpretive level of a word based on associated images. The
"feeling" a word conjures up
connotation
the pleasant presentation of sounds in a literary work
euphony
Harsh and discordant sounds in a literary work
cacophony
The inclusion of humor within a tragedy utilized to intensify the dramatic event
comic relief
The use of slang in writing used to creat local color and provide an informal tone
colloquial
A more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be unfomfortable
euphemism
Transitional language which connects elements within a compostion
connective tissue
The process of moving from a general rule to a more specific example
deduction
The recreation of a regional spoken language such as that used by Twain in Huck Finn
dialect
The authors word choice or vocabulary
diction
Writing whose purpose is to instruct or teach
didactic
Literature that functions on at least two levels- the literal and the figurative
allegory
A reference to historical, literaty, religious and mythological figures etc within a work of lit
allusion
A short story or brief episode told by the author or a character
anecdote
Those who carry out the action and give personalit to the story
characters
A situation in which all parts of a presentation are equal. In an argument, the presentation of both sides
balance
The relationsip an author has toward his subject which results in a certain tone
attitude
The use of a quotation at the beginning of a work which hints at the overall theme
epigraph
A single position or assertion taken by a writer and defended by him
argument
A literary device employed to serve as a basis for comparison most often betw two different items
analogy
The repitition of initial consonant sounds
alliteration
The word or phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers
antecedent
Ficiton which is true to life. ex Mark Twain
realism