Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/125

Click to flip

125 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
2000-1250 BCE
ANCESTRAL
Abrahamic Covenant,
ended with promise
in doubt
1250-1000 BCE
EXODUS & SETTLEMENT
Exodus, Mosaic Covenant,
Entery into promised land
(Moses, Joshua, Gideon, Samson)
1000-925 BCE
UNITED MONARCHY
Samuel anointed Saul,
Davidic Covenant,
Solomon's Temple,
(3 Kings: Saul, David, Solomon)
925-722 BCE
Solomon died, son king
Rehoboam: oppessed people
kingdom divided:
Isreal: North
Judah: South
722 BCE
FALL OF ISRAEL
Israel falls to Assyria,
Syro-Ephraimatic Coalition
722-587 BCE
JUDAH ALONE
religious revival under
Hezekiah and Josiah,
dominated often by
Assyria, Egypt, and Babylon
587-539 BCE
BABYLONIAN EXILE
Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon
destroys Jerusalem, temple,
Judah goes into exile
in Babylon
587 BCE
FALL OF JUDAH
King allegiance with Egypt,
Nebuchadnezzer destroy Jerusalem,
Judah and Jehoiachin exiled
539-332 BCE
PERSIAN PERIOD
Edict of Cyrus,
return from exile,
2nd temple dedicated,
Jewish Diaspora
ADAM
First man
-ish -> "ground"
EVE
First woman
-ishshah -> "from man"
NOAH
Flood Man
Utnapishtim
Hero in Babylonian
flood story
Abram/Abraham*
*"FATHER OF MULTITUDE"
was a nomad
God made a covenant with him
Sign- Circumcision
Nephew was Lot
Sarah
Abraham's wife
son was Isaac
Couldnt concieve
Lot
Abraham's nephew
(Sodom and Gomorrah)
Hagar
Sarah's slave
had relations w/ Abraham
son Ishmael
Ishmael*
*"God Hears"
Abrahams first son
not blessed by God- Hagar
Isaac*
*"laughter"
Sarah and Abraham's son
Jacob*
*"he takes by the heel"
Isaac's 2nd son,
steals Esau's birthright
married Rachael and Leah
Israel*
*"one who strives with God"
New name for Jacob
Symbolizes Israeli's will struggle for blessing
Esau
Jacob's brother
1st born
Jacob decieves him
Joseph
Jacob's favorite son,
sold into slavery,
reads dreams of Pharoh
Moses*
*"Idrew him out of the water"
leads Isreal out of Egypt
Makes covenant with God
Yahweh*
*"He is"
name given for Moses to use as a sign for the people
Miriam
Moses' sister
Aaron
Moses' brother
Rameses II
Pharoh of Egypt during Exodus
Caleb
sought out land,
said was good,
allowed to enter
Joshua
Succeeded Moses,
led people to promised land,
did not enter
Samson
last judge,
loved Delilah, a pagan,
found his secret of
having uncut hair
Samuel
prophet
anointed Saul and David
Saul
1st king
lost favor
David
2nd king
Davidic Covenant
Bathsheba
David's sin stole her
concieved son
lost 1st child as punishment
2nd son was Solomon
(wife of Uriah first)
Uriah the Hittite
Great Warrior
Killed, as his wife was
Bathsheba, so David
could have her
Jesse
Father of David
Absalom
favored son of David,
Killed Amnon, exiled
led revolt againt David
Nathan
prophet,
announced Davidic Covenant,
denounced David's sin (Bathsheba)
supported Solomon
Solomon
David's son (of Bathsheba),
3rd king,
built temple for God,
was very wise
Jeroboam I
(son of Nebat)
1st king of divided Isreal
brought idolatry
Rehoboam
Solomon's son, king of Judah,
oppress people worse than father,
harshness caused the
kingdoms to split
Omri
evil, successful king,
Israel prospered,
made Samaria capital
Ahab
Omri' son,
notorious for idolatry,
married Jezebel,
conflicts with Elijah and Elisha
Jezebel
Wife of Ahab,
brought occul practices to Israel
spread worship of idols, Baal
Elijah
prophet
brought people from fertility
religion to god,
destroys their altars,
beatsthe Baal priests
Elisha
Elijah's successor
not in conflict w/ political leaders, anoints Jehu
Jeroboam II
Jehu's great-grandson
"golden age"
social inequality
Amos prophet at time,
Amos spoke against him
Amos
Prophet
calls for social justice
condemns worship w/o obedience
no violence, corrects arrogance of the "chosen one" belief
Sargon II
Destroyed Samaria,
deported Israel
King of Assyria in 722
Ahaz
King of Judah
Would trust in the LORD
Against Syro-Ephraimitic coalit.
turned to Assyria
Pekah
King of Israel
during Syro-Ephraimitic Coalit.
Rezin
King of Syria
during Syro-Ephraimitic Coalit.
Isaiah
Prophet (Judah)
announced judgement to Ahaz,
deliverance from Assyria
to Hezekiah
Hezekiah
king of Judah,
restored temple and worhip
sought help from God against
Assyria, judged for sharing
Babylonians his treasure
Sennacherib
Assyrian king
siege over Jerusalem was
overthrown by prayer of
Hezekiah and Isaiah
The Rabshakeh
Assyrian messenger,
communicates between
Sennacherib and people
Shear-Jashub*
*"A remnant will return"
Isaiah's son
Immanuel*
*"God is with us"
Maher-shalal-hash-baz*
*"the spoil speeds,
the prey hastens"
Jeremiah
prophet during fall of Judah
Temple Serman,
Josia was king
Baruch
Jeremiah's secretary
Josiah
king of Judah "good"
finds book of the law,
humble,
never sees the destruction
Huldah
Priestess
Josiah consults when finds book
People have forgotten God,
he will curse them
Jehoiachin
king of Judah,
son of King Jehoiakim,
exiled by Nebuchadnezzer
Nebuchadnezzer
king of Babylon,
exiled Judah,
destroyed Jerusalem
Cyrus
kin of Persia,
released people from exile,
rebuilt temple
Torah
first 5 books of Bible
"teaching"
"law"
Tanakh
Jewish holy scrptures
Torah - teaching
Nebi'im - prophets
KHetubim - writings
Pentateuch
first 5 books, Torah
Genesis, Exodus,
Leviticus, Numbers,
Deuteronomy
Canon
Authoritative standard,
rule, or collection of books
Apocrypha
Deuterocanonical books,
not in Protestant Literature
Deuterocanonical
OT books not part of Tanakh
Second Canon
Council of Jamnia
90 CE
Closed Jewish Canon
Bishop Athanasius'
Festal Letter
367 CE
Closed Christian Canon
Thephany
Appearance of God to humans
Theodicy
Justifying God's goodness
Theocracy
Government based on religion
Covenant/Testament
Formal agreement
document
Cosmology
Branch of Phi/Sci
origin and structure of universe
Etiology
story that explains the origin of something
Eponymous Ancestor
Founder of nation
whose name can be used
to identify people
Jacob=Israel=Istaelies
Gilgamesh Epic
Babylonian flood story
parallels Noah's ark
The Burning Bush
God appeared to Moses
at Mt. Horeb
Tetragrammaton
YHWH
Hebrew name Yahweh
given to moses at Mt Horeb
Documentary Hypothesis
Julius Wellhausen
Jahwist
Elohist
Deuteronomist
Priestly
JEDP
JAHWIST
ELOHIST
DEUTERONOMIST
PRIESTLY
Exodus
"going out"
Israelites leaving Egypt
lead by Moses
Merneptah Stele
Memorial stone/pillar
Probably Rameses II
Israelies in Canaan not Egypt
The Revelation at Sinai
God appeare to Moses
Passover
Israelites marked door with
blood so their 1st born
will not be killed
when death passover their home
Day Of Atonement
Yearly, no work
pray to God to forgive
sins of community
Golden Calf
What Israelites worshipped
and built while Moses was
with God
Baal idolatry vessel
Decalogue
10 Commandments
given to Moses on Mt. Sinai
Ark of the Covenant
Where 10 commandments are kept
Mercy Seat
God's throne where he
rests his feet on
the ark of the Covenant
Code of Hamurabi
Set of Laws
For Babylon under Hammurabi
similar to 10 commandments
except had 200+ laws
Shema
Jewish prayer affirming
belief in one God
Deuteronomy*
*"second law"
fifth book
Deuteronomistic History
written after 562 BCE
reflects language, theology
and world view
Former Prophets, Joshua-2 Kings
The Ban/Cherem
Destroying all things when
conquering enemy
devote to God
Moabite Stone/Mesha Inscription
Describes Moabite Practice
of Holy War and Ban
Role Of The Judges
1: Lead into Battle
2: Settle Disputes
3: Govern people of religion
Mt. Zion
Jerusalem
Solomon's Temple
Temple
"God's House"
Built by Solomon, not David
Messiah/Christ
Messiah=Christ=Annointed
Hebrew Greek English
Baal
Fertility God
bad idolatry
temptation, golden calf
Astarte
Goddes of Fertility
Ashevah
Counterpart of Baal
Fertility Religion
Gods controlled forces
rain, growth, plants, birth
sexual rituals hoped to
entice gods to have sex
Syro-Ephraimitic
Coalition
Syria(Rezin)&Israel(Pekah)
rebel against Assyria, want Judah's help, king Ahaz & Isaiah say no, so Assyria conquers Israel and Syria
Golden Age of Jeroboam II
Social inequality
Amos,
Jenu's great-grandson
Josiah's Reform
turns people to God,
rid Idolatry,
doesnt see destruction
Remnant
Jerusalem & Judah will
return or be left over
Ur
Where Abraham's father
is from
Mt. Sinai
Where Moses recieved
10 Commandments
Mt. Horeb
Burning Bush
Mt. Caramel
Where Elijah beat
450 Baal priests by
a race to light a sacrifice
Babylon
Responsible for exile of Judah
Aram/Syria
joined with Israel
in coalition
Damascus
Armanean (Syrian) capital
Samaria
capital of Israel by Omri
Egypt
where Israel 1st enslaved
brought in by Joseph
brought out by Moses
Red Sea
Moses parted to allow
Iraelites to escape
crushed Egyptions
Assyria
defeated Israel
enemy of coalition