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34 Cards in this Set

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450-1066
Old English (Anglo Saxon)
Old English (Anglo Saxon)
Developed from Oral Tradition
▫ 8th c. Old English Poetry emerged
▫ Beowulf (Germanic Epic Poem)
Middle English
▫ The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer
▫ Morte d’ Arthur by Thomas Malory
1066-1500
Middle English
1500-1660
-The Renaissance-a cultural rebirth
-The Renaissance-a cultural rebirth
▫ Elizabethan Age: Shakespeare, Ben Johnson, John Donne
▫ Jacobean Age: King James Bible (King James I reigned from 1603-1625)
▫ Caroline Age: Lyric Poetry emerged-Robert Herrick, John Donne (reign of King Charles I 1625-1649)
▫ Commonwealth Period also known as the Puritan Interregnum: occurred after the execution of King Charles I in 1649
▫ All of the above are political movements
The Neoclassical Period
▫ The Restoration: return of constitutional monarchy, comedies (happy ending, not necessarily funny) return-the poet John Dryden
▫ The Augustan Age also known as the Age of Pope: emphasis on classicism-“The Rape of the Lock”****
▫ The Age of Sensibility or the Age of Johnson: tearful situations, fainting, repentant and forgiven villains
1600-1785
The Neoclassical Period
-The Romantic Period
▫ Emotion and freedom
▫ Stressed by the individual
▫ Spontaneity
▫ Solitary life rather than life in society
▫ Devotion to beauty, love and the worship of nature
▫ ----William Wordsworth, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe Shelley, John Keats
1785-1830
-The Romantic Period
The Victorian Period
The Pre-Raphaelites
Aestheticism and Decadence
▫ Literature was concerned with social problems
▫ The English Novel (long, drawn out plots, dramatic characters) emerged
▫ Moral earnestness, complacency, respectability
▫ Prudery
▫ Hypocrisy of Victorian Middle Class
▫ ---Charles Dickens, William Thackeray, George Eliot, Brontes, Thomas Hardy
▫ The Essay as a literature device emerged---Matthew Arnold
▫ Poets: Alfred Lord Tennyson, Brownings, Rosettis
1832-1901-
The Victorian Period
The Pre-Raphaelites
-The Edwardian Period
▫ Age of prosperity (opulence)
▫ Stability
▫ Stylish elegance
▫ ----H.G. Wells, George Bernard Shaw, Arnold Bennett
1901-1914
-The Edwardian Period
The Georgian Period
▫ Writers started to experiment with their writing
▫ ---Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, Yeats, T.S. Eliot, Aldous Huxley, Graham Greene, Noel Coward
▫ Dramatists: George Bernard Show, Somerset Maugham
1910-1936-
The Georgian Period
The Modern and Post-Modern Periods
▫ Breaking away from established rules and traditional values
▫ Writers focused on the alienated; the consciousness of the individual
▫ These periods include: The Symbolist Movement, post-Impressionism, Existentialism, Expressionism, Surrealism
▫ The writers of this time also experimented with their work
▫ The artistic equivalents were emerging as well
▫ ---Joseph Conrad, Franz Kafka, August Strindberg, Luigi Pirandello
1914-1945-
The Modern and Post-Modern Periods
-Colonial Period
▫ Spans from the founding of 1st settlement to the Revolution
▫ Centered on religious, practical or historical themes
▫ ---Cotton Mather, Benjamin Franklin, Anne Bradstreet
1607-1776
-Colonial Period
The Revoultionary Age
▫ Greatest documents of American History
▫ Paine’s Common Sense, Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, The Articles of Confederation, Hamilton’s The Federalist Papers, The Constitution of the United States of America
1765-1790-
The Revoultionary Age
-The Early National Period
▫ The 1st truly American style emerged
▫ ---Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, Edgar Allen Poe
1775-1828
-The Early National Period
The Romantic Period also known as:
▫ The American Renaissance and/or The Age of Transcendentalism “beat of your own drum”
▫ The works are original and helped shape the ideas, ideals, and literatry aims of many American Writers
▫ --Emerson, Thoreau, Hawthorne, Poe, Melville, Dickinson, Longfellow
1828-1865-
The Romantic Period also known as:
1865-1900
-The Realistic Period
-The Realistic Period
▫ Represents life as it is and convinces the reader that these characters exist and the situations might happen
▫ Focuses on the ordinary and commonplace
▫ ---Mark Twain, Henry James, Kate Chopin
1900-1914-
The Naturalistic Period
The Naturalistic Period
▫ A more accurate depiction than realism
▫ Often depicts life as gritty and un-just
▫ It aligns itself with post-Darwinism (the idea that characters are higher order animals whose character and behavior is based on heredity and environment)
▫ The writings are frank, crude and tragic
▫ ---Stephen Crane, Jack London, Theodore Dreiser, Upton Sinclair
1914-1939-
The American Modernist Period
The American Modernist Period
1920’s, 30’s
The Jazz Age
The Harlem Renaissance
The “Lost Generation”
▫ Experimented with form and style
▫ ---Fitzgerald, Langston Hughes, WEB Dubois, Gertrude Stein, T.S. Eliot, Ezra Pound, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck, Eugene O’Neil
-The Contemporary Period
1950’s, 60’s, 70’s
Beat Writers
Counterculture
▫ ---Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, Eudora Welty, John Updike, Kurt Vonnegut, Sylvia Plath, Arthur Miller, Tennessee Williams, Zora Neale Hurston, Alice Walker
1939-Present
-The Contemporary Period