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30 Cards in this Set

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Part of the Ancient Greek world view of music, which held that when the stars and plantes rotated in balanced proportions, they made heavenly music.
Music of the Spheres
Difference between right and wrong
Doctring of Ethos
An ancient Greek wind instrument played in pairs that produced a high, clear, penetrating sound
Aulos
An ancient Greek medium-sized instrument usually fitted with seven strings of sheep gut and a resonator of turtle shell; plucked with a metal or bone plectrum and used most often to accompany a solo singer
Lyre
The largest of all ancient Greek string instruments (an especially large lyre) usually fitted with seven strings and a resonator of wood
Kithara
A keyboard pumped by water
Hydraulis
A succesion of four pitches
Tetrachord
Ancient Greek term for a scale
Tonos (tonoi)
The framework of the Greek two-octave scale formed by four tetrachords and the proslambanomenos
The greater perfect system
In ancient Greek musical notation the basic unit of time-a short value
Chronos
In ancient Greek musical notation a long value of time-formed by two chronoi
Diseme
A triple unit long value of time in ancient Greek musical notation-formed by three chronoi
Triseme
Music of the spheres-one of the three harmonies Boethius psited as part of his cosmology of music; the belief that all the universe resonates with music as sounding number
Musica mundana
Music of the human body-one of the three harmonies Boethius posited as part of his cosmology of music
Musica humana
Earthly vocal and instrumental music- one of the three harmonies Boethius posited as part of his cosmology of music
Musica instrumentalis
The practitioner who performs music, person in a monastery specially trained to lead the music.
Cantor
A vast body of monophonic religious music setting Latin texts and intended for use in the Roman Catholic Church; the music sung daily at the eight canonical hours of prayer and Mass
Gregorian chant (plainsong)
The collection of prayers, chants, readings, and ritual acts by which the theology of the church, or any organized religion, is practiced.
Liturgy
In medieval musical notation, a sign used to delineate single pitches or groups of pitches.
Neumes
The late-afternoon service, and most important of the eight canonical hours for the history of music; not only were psalms and a hymn sung but also the Magnificant.
Vespers
The central and most important religious service each day in the traditional liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church.
Mass
Chants of the Mass whose texts change each day to suit the religious theme, or to honor a particular saint on just that one day.
Proper of the Mass
An introductory chant for the entrance of the celebrating clergy; the first item of the Proper of the Mass.
Introit
The first of the two melismatic, responsorial chants of the Proper of the Mass that are sung between the Gloria and the Credo; consists of two parts: a respond and a psalm verse.
Gradual
Chants of the Mass with unvarying texts that can be sung almost every day of the year; Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus dei
Ordinary of the Mass
An ancient Greek text and the only portion of the traditional Mass not sung in Latin; in this the first section of the Ordinary of the Mass the congregation petitions the Lord for mercy in threefold exclamations.
Kyrie
A hymn of praise originating in early Christian timesl one of the five parts of the Ordinary of the Mass
Gloria
A profession of faith formulated as the result of the Council of Nicaea in 323; one of the five parts of the Ordinary of the Mass
Credo
A standard formula of praise to the Holy Trinity. E u o u a
Doxology
Chants in which there is usually only one note and only one note for each syllable of text.
Syllabic chant