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52 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Classical Music
* Stood the test of time
* relies on acoustic instruments
* preset musical notation
* musical sounds and gestures to convey meaning
* lengthy, beat rests beneath music
* escape
Popular Music
* can use technologically altered instruments
* can change greatly between performances
* lyrics to convey meaning
immediately audible, recurrent beat
Acoustic Instrument
not electronically altered instruments
Encore
when the audience demands that the piece be repeated immediately
Symphony
genre, type of music for orchestra with movements

* typically has 4 movements
fast, slow, moderate and fast
Movement
part of a symphony that has its own tempo and mood
music
sound that moves through time in an organized fashion
beat
an even pulse that divides time into units
motive
a short, distinctive musical figure that can stand by itself
concerto
a soloist plays with or against an orchestra
chord
simultaneous sounding of two or more pitches
melody
longer, more tuneful and song like
tone poem (symphonic poem)
one-movement work for orchestra that tries to capture in music the emotions and events associated with a story, play or personal experience
measure
group of beats
meter
gathering of beats into regular groups
time signature
tells musicians how the beats are supposed to be grouped
syncopation
places accent on weak or between the beats
tempo
speeds at which beats progress
pitch
relative position, high or low of a musical sound
staff
gridwork of lines and spaces
clef
range of pitch in which the melody is to be played or sung
treble clef
upper range for trumpets or violins, woman's voice
bass clef
lower range, covers lower range and is used for lower instruments like the tuba, cello or man's voice
great staff
when both clefs are used such as in carillon, piano or organ. Space between two staffs = middle C
sharp
raises key to the next one above, usually a half step higher
flat
lowers key to the next one below, usually a half step lower
tonic
central pitch around which a melody gravitates and usually ends on
tonality
organization of music around this central pitch
key
indicates the tonal center and the scale that it employs
scale
arrangement of pitches within the octave that ascends and descends according to a fixed pattern
major scale
sucession of whole and half steps

1 1 .5 1 1 1 .5
minor scale
also sucession of wholes and halves

1 .5 1 1 .5 1 1
modulation
change from one key to another, most short popular songs don't modulate. Modulations help make long classical pieces more exciting
mode
changing from major to minor = change of mode
chromatic scale
major or minor scale uses only 7 notes within each octave, chromatic scale employs all 12
antecedent phrase
a full phrase that doesn't end on the tonic and doesn't feel completed when it stands on its own
consequent phrase
ends on the tonic note to give the feeling of an ending
cadence
concluding part of a musical phrase
Sitar Piece
Ravi Shankar and Raji Jogeshwari
Gat II
Erhu Piece
Abing and
The moon reflected on the
Second Springs
Klezmer Music
Klezmatics
Fun taschlich
harmony
accompaniment to melody
triad
three pitches arranged in a very specific way
interval
distance between notes
dominant
always built on the fifth note of the scale. Second in importance after the tonic chord towards which the melody progresses
subdominant
built on the 4th note of the scale and is called subdominant because it is just below the dominant chord
chord progression
movement of chords in a purposeful fashion
arpeggio
notes of a chord not together but in sucession
dissonance
pitches sounding disagreeable and unstable
consonance
pitches sounding agreeable and stable
blues
expressive, soulful singing that unfolds above repeating chord changes
twelve-bar blues
rate of harmonic change is irregular