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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Grief (def)
the subjective emotions and affect that are a normal response to loss
grieving AKA...
Grieving (def)
the process of experiencing grief
Mourning (def)
the outward sign of grief
Types of losses
Theories of the grieving process (5)
1) Kubler-Ross' stages of grieving
2) Bowlby's phases of grieving
3) John Harvey's phases of grieving
4) Rodebaugh's stages of grieving
5) Rando ~ Tasks of the grieving process
Kubler-Ross's stages of grieving:
- Denial
- Anger
- Barganing
- Depression
- Acceptance
Bowlby's phases of grieving:
- Numbness and denial of the loss - Emotional yearning for the lost loved one and protesting permanence of loss - Cognitive disorganization and emotional despair - Reorganizing and reintegrating sense of self
John Harvey's phases of grieving:
- Shock, outcry, and denial - Intrusion of thoughts, distractions, and obsessive reviewing of the loss - Confiding in others to emote and cognitively restructure
Rodebaugh's stages of grieving:
Reeling (shock, disbelief, or denial; Feeling (anguish, guilt, physical discomfort,sleep disturbances, etc); Dealing (Adaptation); Healing (loss is integrated)
Tasks of the grieving process (Rando - 1984):
- Undoing psychosocial bonds to loved one and eventually creating new ties; Adding new roles, skill, and behaviors; Pursuing a healthy lifestyle; Integrating the loss into life.
Dimensions of grieving
Cognitive responses
Emotional responses
Spiritual responses
Behavioral responses
Physiologic responses
Universal responses to grief
- Initial shock/disorientation
- Attempt to continue a relationship w/ the deceased
- Anger
- A time for mourning
African American mourning
-View body in church
-hymns, poetry, eulogies
-mourning w/ public prayer, wearing black clothing, decreasing social activities
Muslim American mouning
- No cremation
- 5 step burial proceedure including, washing; dressing and positioning of body; washing by a same sex muslim
Hatian Americans
may practice vodun or calling on spirits to make peace
Chinese Americans
- strict norms for announcing death, preparing the body, arranging the funeral, and burial/mourning
- burning incense & reading scripture
- Buddhist - meditating before a shrine in the room is important
Japanese Americans
- Bathing and purification rites
- Friends/family bring gifts or money
- prayers are said for 2 days
- incense is burned for 2 days
acculturation (def)
Altering cultural values or behavior as a way to adapt to another culture
Filipino Americans
- Often Catholic
- Wear armbands or black
- place wreaths on casket
- Drape a black banner on the deceased's home
- ask for prayers and blessings in newspaper announcements
Vietnamese Americans
- Predominately Buddhist
- Deceased is bathed and dressed in black clothes
- Rice and money may be sent w/ the deceased on the journey to the afterlife
- body viewed at home
- music is played as friends approach body
Hispanic americans
- predominately Catholic
- pray for the soul during a novena and rosary
- mourning may involve wearing black and decreasing social activities
- wake may be held in the home
Native Americans
- Variety of practices
- Death may be seen as a state of unconditional love
- Many perceive deceased going on another journey
- May celebrate a ghost meal
- Mourners may be encouraged to be happy for the deceased
Orthodox Jewish Americans
- Leaving a dying/dead person alone is a sign of disrespect
- Burial must occur within 24 hours (unless sabbath)
- body should be untouched until rites can be performed
- organ donation ok
- autopsy NOT ok
Disenfranchised grief
Grief over a loss that is not openly acknowledged
Complicated Grieving
Response outside of the norm of grieving; responsed out of proportion, or void of emotion
People at risk for complicated grieving
-low self-esteem
- low trust in others
- prev psych disorder
-previous suicide threats/attempts
- absent or unhelpful family members
- ambivalent, dependent, or insecure attachment to the deceased person
Experiences increasing risk for complicated grieving
- death of spouse or child
- death of parent (esp when survivor is young)
- sudden unexpected death
- multiple deaths
- death by suicide or murder
Adaptive denial
client gradually adjusts to reality of loss and begins to see things differently