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29 Cards in this Set

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Grief (def)
the subjective emotions and affect that are a normal response to loss
grieving AKA...
Bereavement
Grieving (def)
the process of experiencing grief
Mourning (def)
the outward sign of grief
Types of losses
Physiologic
safety
security
self-esteem
self-actualization
Theories of the grieving process (5)
1) Kubler-Ross' stages of grieving
2) Bowlby's phases of grieving
3) John Harvey's phases of grieving
4) Rodebaugh's stages of grieving
5) Rando ~ Tasks of the grieving process
Kubler-Ross's stages of grieving:
- Denial
- Anger
- Barganing
- Depression
- Acceptance
Bowlby's phases of grieving:
- Numbness and denial of the loss - Emotional yearning for the lost loved one and protesting permanence of loss - Cognitive disorganization and emotional despair - Reorganizing and reintegrating sense of self
John Harvey's phases of grieving:
- Shock, outcry, and denial - Intrusion of thoughts, distractions, and obsessive reviewing of the loss - Confiding in others to emote and cognitively restructure
Rodebaugh's stages of grieving:
Reeling (shock, disbelief, or denial; Feeling (anguish, guilt, physical discomfort,sleep disturbances, etc); Dealing (Adaptation); Healing (loss is integrated)
Tasks of the grieving process (Rando - 1984):
- Undoing psychosocial bonds to loved one and eventually creating new ties; Adding new roles, skill, and behaviors; Pursuing a healthy lifestyle; Integrating the loss into life.
Dimensions of grieving
Cognitive responses
Emotional responses
Spiritual responses
Behavioral responses
Physiologic responses
Universal responses to grief
- Initial shock/disorientation
- Attempt to continue a relationship w/ the deceased
- Anger
- A time for mourning
African American mourning
-View body in church
-hymns, poetry, eulogies
-mourning w/ public prayer, wearing black clothing, decreasing social activities
Muslim American mouning
- No cremation
- 5 step burial proceedure including, washing; dressing and positioning of body; washing by a same sex muslim
Hatian Americans
may practice vodun or calling on spirits to make peace
Chinese Americans
- strict norms for announcing death, preparing the body, arranging the funeral, and burial/mourning
- burning incense & reading scripture
- Buddhist - meditating before a shrine in the room is important
Japanese Americans
- Bathing and purification rites
- Friends/family bring gifts or money
- prayers are said for 2 days
- incense is burned for 2 days
acculturation (def)
Altering cultural values or behavior as a way to adapt to another culture
Filipino Americans
- Often Catholic
- Wear armbands or black
- place wreaths on casket
- Drape a black banner on the deceased's home
- ask for prayers and blessings in newspaper announcements
Vietnamese Americans
- Predominately Buddhist
- Deceased is bathed and dressed in black clothes
- Rice and money may be sent w/ the deceased on the journey to the afterlife
- body viewed at home
- music is played as friends approach body
Hispanic americans
- predominately Catholic
- pray for the soul during a novena and rosary
- mourning may involve wearing black and decreasing social activities
- wake may be held in the home
Native Americans
- Variety of practices
- Death may be seen as a state of unconditional love
- Many perceive deceased going on another journey
- May celebrate a ghost meal
- Mourners may be encouraged to be happy for the deceased
Orthodox Jewish Americans
- Leaving a dying/dead person alone is a sign of disrespect
- Burial must occur within 24 hours (unless sabbath)
- body should be untouched until rites can be performed
- organ donation ok
- autopsy NOT ok
Disenfranchised grief
Grief over a loss that is not openly acknowledged
Complicated Grieving
Response outside of the norm of grieving; responsed out of proportion, or void of emotion
People at risk for complicated grieving
-low self-esteem
- low trust in others
- prev psych disorder
-previous suicide threats/attempts
- absent or unhelpful family members
- ambivalent, dependent, or insecure attachment to the deceased person
Experiences increasing risk for complicated grieving
- death of spouse or child
- death of parent (esp when survivor is young)
- sudden unexpected death
- multiple deaths
- death by suicide or murder
Adaptive denial
client gradually adjusts to reality of loss and begins to see things differently