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147 Cards in this Set

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True or False:
The Linux GUI tends to function very differently depending on the video hardware of the computer system.
false
True or False:
The Linux GUI is comprised of many components, which work separately from the video hardware(video adapter card and monitor).
true
The four components of the Linux GUI are:
1. ____________
2. Desktop environment
3. Window manager
4. X windows
Graphical programs (x clients)
The four components of the Linux GUI are:
1. Graphical programs (x clients)
2. ____________
3. Window manager
4. X windows
Desktop environment
The four components of the Linux GUI are:
1. Graphical programs (x clients)
2. Desktop environment
3. ____________
4. X windows
Window manager
The four components of the Linux GUI are:
1. Graphical programs (x clients)
2. Desktop environment
3. Window manager
4. ____________
X windows
The four components of the ______ are:
1. Graphical programs (x clients)
2. Desktop environment
3. Window manager
4. X windows
Linux GUI
The core component of the GUI in Linux is ______.
X Windows
The programs that tell X windows how to draw its graphics and display the results are known as ______.
X clients
True or False:
X clients must always run on the same computer as X windows.
false
You may use ______ on one computer to send graphical images to an X client on a different computer by changing the DISPLAY environment variable.
X windows
You may use X windows on one computer to send graphical images to an ______ on a different computer by changing the DISPLAY environment variable.
X client
You may use X windows on one computer to send graphical images to an X client on a different computer by changing the ______ environment variable.
DISPLAY
X Windows is sometimes referred to as the ______ component of X Windows or simply the X ______. (same word for both blanks)
server
The freely available version of X Windows is called ______.
XFree86
X Windows was jointly developed by ______ and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1984.
Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
X Windows was jointly developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) and the ______ in 1984.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
X Windows was jointly developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in ______.
1984
______ was jointly developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1984.
X Windows
The original code name for X Windows was ______.
Project Athena
X Windows was first released in ______.
1985
X windows is governed by a separate ______ from the GPL which restricts the usage of X Windows and its source code.
license
A ______ can modify the look and feel of X Windows.
window manager
Desktop environments provide development ______ that allow software to be created more rapidly.
toolkits
The traditional desktop environment used on Linux systems is ______.
KDE
What does KDE use for a window manager?
K Window Manager
(kwm)
______ uses the Qt tookit for the C++ programming language.
KDE
KDE uses the ______ tookit for the C++ programming language.
Qt
KDE uses the Qt tookit for the ______ programming language.
C++
True or False:
You may choose to use only a window manager rather than a complete desktop environment.
true
The ______ toolkit was created by a company called Trolltech in Norway and was not released as Open Source Software until 1998.
Qt
The Qt toolkit was created by a company called ______ in Norway and was not released as Open Source Software until 1998.
Trolltech
The Qt toolkit was created by a company called Trolltech in ______ and was not released as Open Source Software until 1998.
Norway
The Qt toolkit was created by a company called Trolltech in Norway and was not released as ______ until 1998.
Open Source Software
The Qt toolkit was created by a company called Trolltech in Norway and was not released as Open Source Software until ______.
1998
In the mid 1990s, most Open Source programmers preferred to develop in the ______ programming language.
C
The ______ desktop environment was created in 1997 due to the source code of the Qt toolkit not being freely modifiable.
GNOME
The GNOME desktop environment was created in 1997 due to the source code of the ______ toolkit not being freely modifiable.
Qt
The GNOME desktop environment was created in ______ due to the source code of the Qt toolkit not being freely modifiable.
1997
______ typically uses the Sawfish Window Manager and the GTK+ toolkit for the C programming language.
GNOME
GNOME typically uses the ______ Window Manager and the GTK+ toolkit for the C programming language.
Sawfish
GNOME typically uses the Sawfish Window Manager and the ______ toolkit for the C programming language.
GTK+
GNOME typically uses the Sawfish Window Manager and the GTK+ toolkit for the ______ programming language.
C
The GTK+ toolkit was originally developed for the ______ and is Open Source.
GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP)
The ______ toolkit was originally developed for the GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP) and is Open Source.
GTK+
The window manager used by ______ prior to the Sawfish Window Manager was Enlightenment which is a highly configurable window manager that allows for multiple desktops with different settings.
GNOME
The window manager used by GNOME prior to the Sawfish Window Manager was Enlightenment which is a highly configurable window manager that allows for ______ desktops with different settings.
multiple
The window manager used by GNOME prior to the ______ Window Manager was Enlightenment which is a highly configurable window manager that allows for multiple desktops with different settings.
Sawfish
The window manager used by GNOME prior to the Sawfish Window Manager was ______ which is a highly configurable window manager that allows for multiple desktops with different settings.
Enlightenment
A window manager based on the Tab Window Manager, intended to use less computer memory and to give the desktop a 3-D look was ______.
fvwm
Feeble Virtual Window Manager
Sawfish allows most of its settings to be configured via tools or ______.
scripts
The ______ window manager is one of the oldest and most basic window managers.
Tab
The window manager that provides dr______ mouse movement and imitates the NeXTSTEP operating system interface made by Apple Computer Inc is Window Maker.
ag and drop
The window manager that provides drag and drop mouse movement and imitates the ______ operating system interface made by Apple Computer Inc is Window Maker.
NeXTSTEP
The window manager that provides drag and drop mouse movement and imitates the NeXTSTEP operating system interface made by ______ Computer Inc is Window Maker.
Apple
The window manager that provides drag and drop mouse movement and imitates the NeXTSTEP operating system interface made by Apple Computer Inc is ______.
Window Maker
Runlevel ______ starts the GNOME Display Manager to display the graphical login screen.
5
Runlevel 5 starts the ______ to display the graphical login screen.
GNOME Display Manager
Runlevel 5 starts the GNOME Display Manager to display the ______ screen.
graphical login
The appearance and behavior of gdm may be configured by using the ______ Configurator tool in a desktop environment or by editing the /etc/x11/gdm/gdm.conf file.
GDM
The appearance and behavior of ______ may be configured by using the GDM Configurator tool in a desktop environment or by editing the /etc/x11/gdm/gdm.conf file.
gdm
The appearance and behavior of gdm may be configured by using the GDM Configurator tool in a ______ environment or by editing the /etc/x11/gdm/gdm.conf file.
desktop
The appearance and behavior of gdm may be configured by using the GDM Configurator tool in a desktop environment or by editing the ______ file.
/etc/x11/gdm/gdm.conf
The ______ is a variant of the X Display Manager (xdm) which displays a basic graphical login for users.
gdm
The gdm is a variant of the ______ which displays a basic graphical login for users.
X Display Manager (xdm)
The gdm is a variant of the X Display Manager (xdm) which displays a basic ______ for users.
graphical login
Some Linux distributions use the KDE Display Manager to display a KDE style ______ for users.
graphical login
Some Linux distributions use the ______ to display a KDE style graphical login for users.
KDE Display Manager
Some Linux distributions use the KDE Display Manager to display a ______ style graphical login for users.
KDE
If you use runlevel ______ instead of runlevel 5, you may type gdm at a character terminal to start the GNOME Display Manager manually.
3
If you use runlevel 3 instead of runlevel ______, you may type gdm at a character terminal to start the GNOME Display Manager manually.
5
If you use runlevel 3 instead of runlevel 5, you may type ______ at a character terminal to start the GNOME Display Manager manually.
gdm
If you use runlevel 3 instead of runlevel 5, you may type gdm at a character terminal to start the ______ manually.
GNOME Display Manager
The startx command starts X Windows and the window manager or desktop environment specified in the ______ file in ones home directory.
.Xclients
The startx command starts X Windows and the window manager or desktop environment specified in the .Xclients file in ones ______ directory.
home
If the ______ file does not exist and one types startx, the GNOME Desktop environment is started by default.
.Xclients
If the .Xclients file does not exist and one types ______, the GNOME Desktop environment is started by default.
startx
If the .Xclients file does not exist and one types startx, the ______ Desktop environment is started by default.
GNOME
The ______ file points to the .Xclients-default file in ones home directory for directions as to what window manager or desktop environment to start when one types startx.
.Xclients
The .Xclients file points to the ______ file in ones home directory for directions as to what window manager or desktop environment to start when one types startx.
.Xclients-default
The .Xclients file points to the .Xclients-default file in ones ______ directory for directions as to what window manager or desktop environment to start when one types startx.
home
The .Xclients file points to the .Xclients-default file in ones home directory for directions as to what ______ to start when one types startx.
window manager or desktop environment
The .Xclients file points to the .Xclients-default file in ones home directory for directions as to what window manager or desktop environment to start when one types ______.
startx
To start the Tab Window manager upon typing startx, one would edit the .xclients-default file to have its "exec" line read:
exec ______.
/usr/X11R6/bin/twm
To start the Enlightenment Window manager upon typing startx, one would edit the .xclients-default file to have its "exec" line read:
exec ______.
/usr/bin/enlightenment
To start the Window Maker Window manager upon typing startx, one would edit the .xclients-default file to have its "exec" line read:
exec ______.
/usr/bin/wmaker
To start the Feeble Virtual Window manager upon typing startx, one would edit the .xclients-default file to have its "exec" line read:
exec ______.
/usr/X11R6/bin/fvwm2
The settings in the .Xclients-default file may also be set using the graphical ______ in the GNOME or KDE desktop environments.
Desktop Switching Tool
______ is the component of the GUI that interfaces with the video hardware in the computer.
X Windows
X Windows is the component of the ______ that interfaces with the video hardware in the computer.
GUI
X Windows needs the following information about the video adapter card:
1. ____________
2. The amount of RAM on the card
3. The chipset on the card
The card and model
X Windows needs the following information about the video adapter card:
1. The card and model
2. ____________
3. The chipset on the card
The amount of RAM on the card
X Windows needs the following information about the video adapter card:
1. The card and model
2. The amount of RAM on the card
3. ____________
The chipset on the card
X Windows occasionally needs information about the ______ and clockchip on the video card.
RAMDAC
X Windows occasionally needs information about the RAMDAC and ______ on the video card.
clockchip
RAMDAC stands for ______ ______ ______ ______.
RAM Digital Analog Converter
The ______ chip is used to convert the digital signals used in a computer into analog signals understood by the computer monitor.
RAMDAC
The ______ chip coordinates the processing of information on the video card itself.
clockchip
X Windows needs the following information about the computer's monitor:
1. ____________
2. horizontal sync (hsync) range
3. vertical sync (vsync) range
maximum resolution supported
X Windows needs the following information about the computer's monitor:
1. maximum resolution supported
2. ____________
3. vertical sync (vsync) range
horizontal sync (hsync) range
X Windows needs the following information about the computer's monitor:
1. maximum resolution supported
2. horizontal sync (hsync) range
3. ____________
vertical sync (vsync) range
You may probe the ______ for its information by using the SuperProbe command which is found at /usr/x11R6/bin/SuperProbe.
video adapter card
You may probe the video adapter card for its information by using the ______ command.
SuperProbe
You may probe the video adapter card for its information by using the SuperProbe command which is found at ______.
/usr/x11R6/bin/SuperProbe
To see a list of video cards detected by SuperProbe, use the ______ option to the command.
-info
The mouse, keyboard, monitor and video adapter card information used by X Windows is stored in the ______ file in text format.
/etc/X11/XF86Config
The mouse, keyboard, monitor and video adapter card information used by X Windows is stored in the /etc/X11/XF86Config file in ______ format.
text
The /usr/X11R6/lib/X11/XF86Config file is a symbolic link to the ______ file.
/etc/X11/XF86Config
The ______ file is a symbolic link to the /etc/X11/XF86Config file.
/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/XF86Config
To configure the mouse in Red Hat Linux, you may use the ______ command.
mouseconfig
The ______ key combination will log you out of X Windows.
Ctrl-Alt-Backspace
The video adapter card and monitor information may be configured by using the ______ command.
Xconfigurator
When using ______, once the memory and clockchip setting have been chosen, Red Hat runs the x-probeonly command to attempt to detect the chipset and verify any settings made previously.
Xconfigurator
When using Xconfigurator, once the memory and clockchip setting have been chosen, Red Hat runs the ______ command to attempt to detect the chipset and verify any settings made previously.
x-probeonly
When using Xconfigurator, once the memory and clockchip setting have been chosen, Red Hat runs the x-probeonly command to attempt to detect the ______ and verify any settings made previously.
chipset
8 bit color gives ______ colors.
256
16 bit color gives ______ colors.
65,536
24 bit color gives ______ colors.
16,777,216
______ bit color gives 16,777,216 colors.
24
______ bit color gives 65,536 colors.
16
True or False:
Xconfigurator will allow one to start X Windows to test the new configuration.
true
The X Windows configuration program that ships with X Windows and is available on all distributions is ______.
xf86config
Does xf86config give a graphical or text interface when executed on the command line?
text
The xf86config file usually resides in either ______ or /etc/X11.
/usr/X11R6/etc/X11
The xf86config file usually resides in either /usr/X11R6/etc/X11 or ______.
/etc/X11
You may need to enable ______ to activate the third mouse button on some mice.
ChordMiddle
A ______ mouse button can be emulated.
third
The mouse device file ______ is a symbolic link to the correct mouse device file (PS/2, COM1, etc) created during installation.
/dev/mouse
The mouse device file /dev/mouse is a symbolic link to the correct ______ file (PS/2, COM1, etc) created during installation.
mouse device
Older versions of X Windows used the ______ utility to configure the same settings that Xconfigurator, mouseadmin and xfconfig can configure.
XF86Setup
You may fine tune the vsync and hsync of the video card by using the ______ utility once X Windows has started.
xvidtune
______ is the file that contains the configuration of the GNOME Desktop Manager.
/etc/X11/gdm/gdm.conf
______ is the configuration file used by X Windows.
/etc/X11/XF86Config
The common set of computer chips on a peripheral component such as a video adapter card is called a ______.
chipset
The computer chip that coordinates the flow of information on a peripheral component such as a video adapter card is known as a ______.
clockchip
Software that works with a window manager to provide a standard GUI environment that uses standard programs and development tools is known as a ______ ______.
desktop environment
GIMP uses the ______ toolkit.
GTK+
The ______ desktop environment was created in 1996 by Matthias Ettrich.
KDE
The KDE desktop environment was created in ______ by Matthias Ettrich.
1996
The KDE desktop environment was created in 1996 by ______.
Matthias Ettrich
The best clarity of an image displayed to the screen is known as the ______.
maximum resolution
The GUI component that is responsible for determining the appearance of the windows drawn on the screen by X Windows is the ______.
Window Manager
The component of X Windows that requests graphics to be drawn and displays them on the terminal screen is the ______.
X client
The component of X Windows that draws graphics to windows on the terminal screen is the ______.
X server
The ______ presents a graphical login screen to users.
X Display Manager
(xdm)
The Open Source licensed version of X Windows version 11 is ______.
XFree86
True or False:
The X server tells X clients how to draw graphics and display results to the screen.
false