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4 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Proto-Indo European
Attested parent language of members of the Indo-European language family, which spans Eastern and Western Europe and parts of Asia.
Historical linguistics
Study of how languages change over time.
Comparative method
Technique of linguistic analysis that compares lists of related words in a selection of languages to find cognates.
Grimm's Law
1. Proto-Indo-European voiceless stops change into voiceless fricatives.
2. Proto-Indo-European voiced stops become voiceless stops.
3. Proto-Indo-European voiced aspirated stops become voiced fricatives; ultimately, in most Germanic languages these voiced fricatives become voiced stops.
The chain shift can be abstractly represented as:

bʰ → b → p → f
dʰ → d → t → θ
gʰ → g → k → x
gʷʰ → gʷ → kʷ → xʷ