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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Places of Articulation
Bilabial: p, b, m

Labiodental: f, v

Interdental: th, thi

Alveolar: t, d, n, s, z, l, r

Palatal: s, z, c, j

Velar: k, g, ng

Glottal: h
Bilabial
p, b, m
Labiodental
f, v
Interdental
th, thi
Alveolar
t, d, n,

s, z, l, r
Palatal
s, z, c, j
Velar
k, g, ng
Glottal
Nonconsonantal

h
Manners of Articulation
(1). voiced and voiceless sounds

aspirated and unaspirated
p, t, k

1. Nasal and Oral sounds
m, n, ng

2. Stops: p, b, m, t, d, n,

k, g, ng, c, j, ?


3. Fricatives:

f, v, th, thi, s, z, s, z


4. Affricatives: c, j

5. liquids: l, r

6. Glides: j, w
Stops

Noncontinuants (p257)
1. Nonnasal stops
Oral stops
Plosives
Obstruents (p257)

p, b, t, d,

k, g, c, j, ?


2. Nasal stops

m, n, ng
Fricatives
f, v, th, thi,

s, z, s, z
Affricatives
c, j
Liquids
l: lateral

r
a single tap (p 249)
a single flap

retroflex sound (p 242)
alveolar trill
Glides
Nonconsonantal
Vocalic sounds

j

w
labio-velar glide
voiced
Major Classes
1. Noncontinuants and Continuants

2. Obstruents and Sonorants

3. Consonants and Vowels

4. Syllabic sounds
l, r, m, n
Noncontinuants
1. Noncontinuants / Stops

(1).Nonnasal stops
Oral stops
Plosives
Obstruents (p 257)

p, b, t, d, k, g,
c, j, ?

(2). Nasal stops

m, n. ng
Continuants
f, v, thi, th, s, z

s, z, l, r, j, w, h
Obstruents

Nonsonorants (self-created)
(1).Airsteam fully obstructed
Noncontinuant obstruents

1. Nonnasal stops

p, b, t, d, k, g,
c, j, ?

2. Affricatives: c, j


(2). Airsteam partially obstructed

3. Fricatives
(partially obstructed)

f, v, th, thi, s, z, s, z
Sonorants
free airflow through either mouth or nose.

1. Liquids: l, r (resonate)

2. Glides: w, j

3. Nasal stops: m, n, ng

4. Glottal: h (p 300)

5. Vowels

6. Nasals (p257) (resonate)
Consonants
一.
1. Stops

(1). affricates: c, j

(2). nasals: m, n, ng


2. Fricatives

f, v, th, thi, s, z, s, z

3. Liquids: l, r

4. Glides: w, j


二. (p 258)
1. Consonantal

2. Glides: w, j

3. Glottal: h
The class of Vowels
1. Oral and nasal vowels

2. Part of the Tongue involved

front, central, back vowels

3. Tongue Height

high, mid, low vowels
Consonantal
除了j, w, h (Nonconsonantal)
之外,

1. Glides: j, w

2. Glottal: h
Nonconsonantal
1. Glides: j, w

2. Glottal: h
Labials
1. Bilabials: p, b, m

2. Labiodentals: f, v
Coronals
一.
1. Alveolars: t, d, n, s, z,l

(1). Alevolars: t, d, n, s, z

(2). liquids: 1

2. Palatals: s, z, c, j

(1). Palatals: s, z

(2). Affricates: c, j

3. Some articulations of r
(liquids)


二.
1. Sibilants: s, z, s, z, c, j

2. Alveolars: t, d, n, l
Anterior
(1). Labials

1. Bilabials: p, b, m

2. Labiodentals: f, v


(2). Interdentals: th, thi

(3). Alveolars: t, d, n, s, z
Anteriors + Coronals
Alveolars: t, d, n, s, z
Labials + Anterior
(1). Labials

1. Bilabials: p, b, m

2. Labiodentals: f, v
Sibilants
1. Affricates: c, j

2. Fricatives: s, z, s, z
Syllabic
1. The diacritic mark under
the l, r, m, n,

2. consonants

Liquids: l, r

Nasal: m, n

3. Placing a schwa [2] before
the syllabic liquid or nasal

also shows that thses are separate syllables.