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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Expletive Infixation
the ability to fit another word inside another - the ability in English is largely reserved for curse words
phonetics
the sound of language
phonology
the function and patterning of sounds
morphology
the analysis of word structure
syntax
study of sentence structure
semantics
the study of meaning
Ferdinand de Saussure
arbitrary connection between Form and Meaning
Descriptive Grammar
describes the rules that govern what people do or can say
Prescriptive Grammar
Prescribes rules governing what people should/shouldn't say (Traditional - teaching Grammar)
D or P?
Every sentence has a subject and a predicate.
Descriptive Rule
D or P?
Do not use double negatives
Prescriptive Rule
D or P?
Do not strand prepositions
Prescriptive Rule
D or P?
Do not split infinitives
Prescriptive Rules
D or P?
A syllable has to have a vowel
Descriptive Rule
D or P?
In English, the plural is formed by adding -s to the end of nouns
Descriptive
D or P?
Some English speakers end a sentence with a preposition
Descriptive Rule
D or P?
Adjectives in English precede the nouns they modify
Descriptive Rule
Linguistic Competance
our knowledge of language