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19 Cards in this Set

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Abjad
A phonemic writing system that represents only consonants and not vowels
Abugida
A phonemic writing system that represents consonants with full graphemes and vowels with diacritics
Adjunct
A linguistic expression whose occurrence in a sentence is optional

also called Modifier
Affix

Affixation
Bound morpheme that attaches to a stem


Process of forming words by adding affixes to morphemes
Affricate
Sound produced by complete obstrution of the airflow followed by a slight release of the obstructions, allowing frication. An affricate can be thought of as a combination of a stop and a fricative.
Auditory Cortex
Center of auditory processing
Visual Cortex
Center of visual processing
Motor Cortex
Center of motor control
Contralateralization
The right side of the brain controls the left side of the body,and the left side of the brain controls the right side of the body
Aphasia
damage to speech areas of the brain

two main types:

Brocke's Aphasia
Wernike's Aphasia
Broca's Aphasia
problems with speech production

speech is often halting

they clearly understand what they want to produce, but are not able
Wernike's Aphasia
difficulty understanding

often fluent, but incoherent
Allophone
one of a set of noncontrastive realizations of the same phoneme

Ex: the letter T

can be "t" like "ton"
can be "d" like "sitting"
can be "-" like "kitten"

the three different forms are allophones of the phoneme "t"
Alphabet
a phonemic writing system that represents both vowels and consonants with full graphemes
Arbitrariness
in relation to language, refers to the fact that a word's meaning is not predictable from its linguistic form, nor is its form dictated by its meaning
Argument
a linguistic expression that must occur in a sentence if some other expression occurs in that sentence as well. If the occurrence of an expression x in a sentence requires the occurrence of an expression y in that sentence, we say that y is an argument of x
Babbling
A phase in child language acquisition during which the child produces meaningless sequences of consonants and vowels. Generally begins around the age of six months
Bound Morpheme
Morpheme that always attaches to another morphemes, never existing as a word itself
Complementary Distribution
The occurrence of sounds in a language such that they are never found in the same phonetic environment. Sounds that are in complementary distribution are allophones of the same phoneme