Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

11 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Describe ARF. Process? Pathogen? Pathognomic Histology?
Inflammatory response to GAS that elicits immune response and eventually becomes autoimmune. Visualization of Aschoff bodies (fibrinoid necrosis).
What is the treatment for ARF? What value does it preferentially injure?
Penicillin + Anti-inflammatories (ASA)treatment; mitral valve (often Stenosis)
True/False - RF is most often the cause of MS.
What are the common structural changes to the mitral valve in RF? At what point does MS become significant?
calcification, commisure fusion, thickening & shortening of the chordae tendinae. Area is less than 2 cm.
What condition that exists in 2 forms is often a complication in MS?
Pulmonary HTN: passive (PA pressure increase) or reactive (PA vessel thickening)
What PE findings (palpation, murmurs, S1) are apparent in mild mitral stenosis?
RV tap; loud S1; diastolic OS with decresendo murmur;
What EKG findings in MS?
large R in V1 (RV hypertrophy); diphasic P wave (LA dilatation)
True/False - Myxomatous degeneration often causes Mitral Regurgitaion and Prolapse.
Acute MR produces what effect on LA pressure measurements?
prominent v wave (often merges with c wave)
How do chronic MR and acute MR's clinical presentation differ?
acute = pulmonary congestion, dyspnea; chronic = reduced cardiac output i.e. fatigue, weakness
Mitral Valve Prolapse is often asymptomatic. What 2 maneuvers help distinguish the MVP murmur?
Squatting (increase Volume, delay occurrence); Standing (decrease volume earlier occurence)