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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Newborn sleep how many hours a day
16 to 18 hours
What percentage of sleep time is R.E.M. for adults
20 to 25%
What percentage of sleep is REM for children 1 to 2 months
At three months what percent is REM sleep and which REM a do they enter first
40% ram they enter n rem first
What is the purpose of rem sleep
Consolidate memories, develop the brain
What is s.i.d.s.
When a child stops breathing at night with no apparent cause, numb the highest cause of infant death in the U.S.
When is the highest risk of SIDS
2 to 4 months
In a baby when is the highest amount of crying taken place
The 1st six months then tapers off
Why is nutrition important for a a baby
Nutrients for proper brain and body growth, proper organ function, at least 50 calories a day per pound,
What are two important nutrients for a baby
Fats four myelination, iron four iron rich blood and brain development
Should you feed on demand or on a schedule within the first six months
On demand
What percent of mothers breast fed for at least a certain amount of time
65 to 75%
Why is breast milk the best
Always sterile and the body temperature, contains more easily absorb irons fats and sugars, more digestible, lest respiratory infections, less inner ear infections, proper balance of fat and proteins, more vitamin C and a, less likely to produce the allergic reactions, denser bones
John jacques russo believed one
Children are innately good
Infancy is what's time span
First year of life
Neonatal is what time span
1 month
What do babies do around three months
Reach with hands and arms
What does the average baby way
7.5 lb. 20 inches long
How much body weight human newborns lose one adjusting to feeding
5 to 7 percent
What is their weight than four months and first year of of a baby
Double their weight that for months and almost triple by their first birthday
What is the growth weight of an infant in the first year of life
Approximately an inch per month
Which is heavier in a baby upper or lower torso
Upper torso
From largest to smallest what are larger African American babies white American babies or Asian babies
African American than white American then Asian
What is the earliest known a baby to wall
10 months in Uganda
Our identical twins were fraternal twins much closer in time to walking
When will a female child to reach half of her adult height
By the age of two
When will a male child reach half as adult height
2 1/2
What is a cephalocaudal pattern
Sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the pop beginning with the head
What is proximodistal growth
Sequence in which growth starts from the center of the body and moves cord the extremities
Which two infants control firsts muscles of their trunk and arms or their hands
Trunk and arms
Which part of the brain controls growth spurting
The left hemisphere
On average how many months does it take to crawl and to walk
Seven months to crawl 11 months to walk
What is the frontal lobe for
Thinking involuntary movements last to develop fully in an infant
Is the prefrontal cortex first or last to develop in any child
What is the temporal lobe for
What is the parietal for
Sensations special integrating sensory and perceptual
What is the a occipital lobe of for
What is the amagula for
Early reactions prefrontal cortex for the brakes on this the way or allow for considerations
At birth how much does the brain way
25% of the adult brain
At the age of two how much does the brain way
70 to 75%
At the age of three how much does the brain way
90% of an adult brain
At the age of six how much does the brain way
95% of an adult brain
But how much does the average brain way
Three and a half pounds
What is marasmus
Wasting away of body tissues that within the first year, due to severe lack of protein, thinning hair
What is kwashiorker
Deficiency in prone to being indicated by large abdomen and the feet becomes swollen with water if not fatal defects are detrimental will gain weight after fed
Non of organic failure to thrive
AKA emotional marasmus, not enough love or touching, 1 through 18 months
What are reflexes
Built in reactions to stimulant
What is rooting
Reaction when cheek or mouth is touched, will turn the towards for sucking
What is the sucking reflex
Automatically sucking when an object is placed in its mouth
What is the Moro reflex
Startle response causes back to a arch and rapid closing the arms and legs
What is babinski reflex
toes fan, foot arches when sole is stroked
What is a grasping reflex
When something touches the ball, some evolve into more complex actions
What is the one month milestone for motor development
Head left
What is the third month milestone for motor development
Chest left, all on belly
What is the five month milestone for motor development
Body lift hands and knees, crawls and sits
What is the nine month milestone for motor development
What is the 11 months milestone for motor development
Which comes first gross motor development or fine motor development
Gross motor that
What is a sensation
The when information contact sensory receptors, eyes, nose, ears, skin, tounge
What is a perception
Interpretation of a sensation
The looking chamber has an example of what technique
Preference technique
When a child looks at a face what does it focus on early and later
Early it looks at the eyes later it looks that face
who came up with the looking machine
What is the difference between habituation and
dis habituation
Habituation is when something is old and you want something new you gain all the knowledge you can from it,
dishabituation-something is a new with new interest
What is visual acuity at birth
20-100, able to distinguish between mom and the other female at arm's length, distinguish color, prefer patterns, prefer the faces over patterns that most interested in eyes
At what age do we develop that perception
3-6 months
Who invented the visual
gibson and walk
At what age did the child respond to the visual cliff
2 to 4 months
That what is does a child responds to looming objects
2 months
What is a child response to transport lowering
Change in heart rate
What is visual expectation
Looking for longer intervals when unexpected increase in pupil dilation and a eyes widening the
When is a child able to hear
The last few months of pregnancy
At three days old what: infant do when it hears the sound
Turn his head in that direction
Sensitivity to taste occurs when
Possibly prior to birth
A child will make different facial expressions when taste sweet sour and bitter
2 hours after birth
At four months what preference in taste does a newborn have
Salty taste as newborn found to be distasteful
What reaction does a baby have when it tastes something sweet
Relaxed lips
What reaction does a baby have when a taste something salty
Purse lips
What reaction does a baby had when it tastes something bitter
Opens mouth
What is intermodal reception
Precede and integrate information from two different senses
What did elizabeth's spelke do
The puppet test at four months old
What are the six sub stages of sensory experience
Simple reflexes, first month through four months
2 primary circular reactions
Actions orient to infants: body
Example, baby lying on back in this comes into the mouth of baby begin sucking on fist and enjoys this so baby tries to repeat action
3 secondary circular reaction months four through eight, also occur by chance in thin repeats an action that produces some effect in the external environment either physical or social example accidentally kicking mobile or pressing on walker
4) coordination of secondary circular reactions months 8 to 12, first signs of intentional behavior, combining in recombine and previously learns schemes associated with external environment, example piece of candy by a chair baby uses reaching and grasping to get candy
5) tertiary circular reactions months 12 to 18, tries new possibilities experiments, touching far on a cat, touching bath water
6) internalization of schemes, months 18 to 24, primitive symbols example 24 months old those cookies are in the cookie jar but also knows to get the cookies he has to remove the lid object Permanence
To become speakers of language children must be able to master and one
For language related domains
phonemes is what
Distinguish sound and sound patterns
semantics is what
Learning the meaning of words
Syntax is what
Learn to put words together
What is skinner is behaviorist perspective
Operon conditioning example child makes sound patter reinforces it, imitation in shaping
What is Chompsky, nativist perceptive
Biologically prime, innate L a D-allows us to acquire language rapidly, broka area, left frontal lobe (production),wernickes area (comprehension) left temporal lobe
Interactions perceptive what is it
Recasting,cup ? "yes this is ur cup that the".-expanding, my horsie, is that ur horsie?
dimunitave- example kitty instead of cat, doggie instead of dog. At 32 months girls here twice as many as boys
What are the stages of speech preparation and progression
b-cooing-two months
c-babbaling-combo of constants and vowels-one year
d-holophrastic speech at one year-use of one word utterances suggesting complete senses
e) telegraphic speech-1.5 years through two years using a few words to initiate the whole speech