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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a research strategy in which the investigator manipulates some aspect of a person's environment to measure it's effects on theindividual's behavior or development
the aspect of the environment that a researcher deliberately changes or manipulates in an experiment to see its effects on behavior; a causal variable
independent variable
the aspect of behavior measured in an experiment and assumed to be under the control of or dependent on the independent variable
dependent variable
a technique in which research participants are placed in experimental conditions in an unbiased or random way so that the resulting grups are not systematically different
random assignment
experiment like study that evaluates the effects of different treatments but does not randomly assign individuals to treatment groups
quasi experiment
the holding of all other factors besides the independent variable in an experiment constant so that any changes in the dependent variable can be said to be caused by the manipulation of the independent variable
experimental control
a research method in which scientists create special conditions designed to elicit the behavior of interest
structured observation
a research method in which the scientist observes people as they engage in common everyday activities in the natural habitats
naturalistic observation
a sample formed by identifying all members of the larger population of interest and then selecting a portion of them in an unbiased or random way to participate in the study
random sample
a well defined group that a researcher who studies a sample of individuals is interested in drawing conclusions about
the group of individuals chosen to be the subjects of a study
a theoretical prediction about what will hold true if we observe a phenomenon
a set of concepts and propositions designed to organize, describe and explain a set of observations
an attitude or value about the pursuit of knowledge that dicatates that investigators must be objective and must allow their data to decide the merits of their theorizing
scientific method
hall's term for the emotional ups and downs and rapid changes that he believed characterized adolescence
storm and stress
an in depth examination of an individual that often involves compiling and analyzing information from a variety of sources such as observing, testing, and interviewing the person or people who know the individual
case study method
carefully recorded observations of growth and development of children by their parents over a period
baby biographies