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17 Cards in this Set

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Naturalistic observation
research method commonly used, involves observing subjects in their natural environment. observers presense may alter behavior.
Field Experiment
The observation takes place in a natural setting but there is some manipulation or control over variables
Controlled Experiments
Done in a Lab setting where much greater control over extraneous variables can take place
Independent Variables
Variables manipulated by the experimenter
Dependant Variables
The outcome measures of intrest, such as the score on the math test after special instructions
cross-sectional
group studied at only one point in time
longitudinal
group studied at many points in time
sequential
combination of cross and longitudial( study 5 y/o now in 2000 and the same kids in 2002 along w/ a new group of 5 y/o)
Ethology
The scientific study of animal behavior, especially as it occurs in a natural environment.
Id (Freud)
Centered on seeking pleasure and avoiding pain (present in newborns)
Ego (Freud)
Centered on reality (devlops in infancy)
Superego (Freud)
is the conscience tells what you should or should not do (devlops last in early childhood)
Oral (Freud)
0 to 18 months
Mouth
Anal (Freud)
18 mos to 3 years
Anus
Phallic (Freud)
3 to 5 years
Penis
Oedipal complex
Electra Complex
Latency (Freud)
6 to 12 years
None
Genital (Freud)
12 to adult
genitals