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15 Cards in this Set

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Define Development
Changes over time, across the entire life span
Define Physical Growth
Development of organs in prenatal period, growth in size and changes in functioning in childhood, adolescence and declines and alterations in functioning with advanced age.
Define cognitive development
Concept of intelligence as wella s moral reasoning, language development, memory, ability to learn to read, write and do math.
Social/Emotional development
temperament(styles of responding) Personality (deeply ingrained habits we are born with) socialization into a particular social/emotional group.
Characteristics of Lifespan Development
1. Multidimensional: Physical, Cognitive, emotional, personality.
2. Age-Graded: Designated roles based on age (when start school, get drivers license etc.)
3. History Graded: Influenced by historical events in time.
4. Non-Normative: Winning the lottery, getting cancer working at WTC on 9-11
What typesd of experiments are there
1. Scientific
2. Naturalistic
3. Field
4. Controlled
What are scientific experiments?
Where you formulate a hypothesis, test the hypothesis, draw a conclusion and make findings available to others.
What are naturalistic experiments?
Where you watch people in natural settings and record the info. No manipulation of the setting.
What are field experiments?
Natural settings with some manipulation or control over variables such as special instructions given to some students but not to others, then testing the students and observing the scores.
What are controlled experiments?
Done in a lab with much greater control over extraneous variables. Drawback though is that lab is not like real life and the answers may not apply to other settings.
Name and define the variables.
Independent: Manipulated by the experimenter.
Dependent: Outcome measures of interest.
Confounding: Things that might affect the result in un-anticipated ways or not controlled for in the design experiment (such as a flu epidemic at a school where students are being tested)
Types of data collection
Cross Sectional: Groups studied at one point in time.
Longitudinal: Groups studied at many points in time.
Sequential: Combo of cross sectional and longitudinal.
What is data analysis?
Statistical procedures used to make sense of the findings of a study
What is informed consent?
Completely understanding what one is consenting to.
Define Ethology
Refers to the idea that the behavior is largely influenced by biological factors, particularly evolutionary behaviors.