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48 Cards in this Set

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WHAT IS A CELL
THE SMALLEST UNIT OF AN ORGANISM THAT CAN PERFORM LIFE FUNCTIONS
WHAT IS A STIMULUS?
ANYTHING AN ORGANISM RESPONDS TO, SUCH AS SOUND, LIGHT, HEAT, VIBRATION, ODOR, MOVEMENT, HUNGER, THIRST, ETC.
WHAT IS A RESPONSE?
THE REACTION OF AN ORGANISMS TO A STIMULUS
WHAT ARE LIFE PROCESSES?
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
HOW MUCH OF LIVING THINGS DOES WATER MAKE UP?
70%
WHAT CONSTITUTES LIFE AND HOW IS IT MAINTAINED?
NEEDS ANSWER
WHAT DOES SI STAND FOR?
INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS
WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF TECHNOLOGY?
THE USE OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE TO SOLVE EVERYDAY PROBLEMS OR IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF LIFE
THE USE OF SCIENCE FOR SOLVING PROBLEMS OR IMPROVING LIFE
TECHNOLOGY
ORGANIZED STEPS USED TO SOLVE A PROBLEM
SCIENTIFIC METHOD
A PREDICTION THAT CAN BE TESTED
HYPOTHESIS
WHAT IS THE BASIC UNIT OF LIFE?
CELLS
A STANDARD FOR COMPARING THE RESULT OF AN EXPERIMENT
CONTROL
THE FACTOR TESTED IN AN EXPERIMENT
VARIABLE
LIVING THINGS
ORGANISMS
WHAT IS A THEORY?
AN EXPLANATION OF THINGS OR EVENTS BASED ON MANY OBSERVATIONS.
AN INFANT CUTTING TEETH IS AN EXAMPLE OF WHAT?
DEVELOPMENT
A BRIGHT LIGHT THAT CAUSES YOU TO SHUT YOUR EYES IS A _____________
STIMULUS
THE SOURCE OF MOST ENERGY FOR LIFE IS WHAT?
SUN
WHAT IS CRITICAL THINKING?
IT IS THE PROCESS THAT USES CERTAIN SKILLS TO SOLVE PROBLEMS OR A FORM OF PROBLEM-SOLVING
WHAT IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF ENERGY FOR ALL LIVING THINGS?
SUN
WHAT IS SPONTANEOUS GENERATION?
THE THEORY THAT NON-LIVING THINGS PRODUCE LIVING THINGS
WHAT DOES "LIFE SPAN" MEAN?
THE LENGTH OF TIME AN ORGANISM IS EXPECTED TO LIVE
DEFINE ORGANISM AND LIST SIX (6) CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ORGANISM
A LIVING THING MADE UP OF ONE OR MORE CELLS,
1.USES ENERGY,
2.MOVES,
3.RESPONDS TO ITS ENVIRONMENT AND ADJUSTS,
4.REPRODUCES,
5.ADAPTS TO ITS ENVIONMENT,
6.HAS A LIFE SPAN
WHAT ARE THE SI UNITS OF MEASURE FOR THE FOLLOWING:
LENGTH?
MASS?
VOLUME?
METER
GRAM
LITER
WHAT ARE THE FOLLOWING PREFIXES:
MEANS X 10
MEANS X 100
MEANS X 1000
MEANS X 1/10
MEANS X 1/100
MEANS X 1/1000
10 - HECTA
100 - DEKA
1000 - KILO
1/10 - DECI
1/100 - CENTI
1/1000 - MILLI
LIST THE SYMBOLS FOR THE FOLLOWING:
MILLI, METER
LITER
GRAM
DECI
DEKA
HECTO
KILO
CENTI
M
L
G
D
DK
H
K
C
CHANGES UNDERGONE DURING GROWTH IS CALLED WHAT?
DEVELOPMENT
A CHANGE IN THE ENVIRONMENT THAT BRINGS ABOUT A RESPONSE
STIMULUS
WHAT ARE THE STEPS OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD?
1.STATE THE PROBLEM
2.GATHER INFORMATION
3.FORM A HYPOTHESIS
4.PERFORM THE EXPERIMENT
5.ANALYZE THE DATA AND DRAW CONCLUSIONS
6.REPORT THE RESULT
WHAT IS A SCIENTIFIC LAW?
A TREND SHOWN IN DATA OR REPEATING DATA WHICH IS A RELIABLE DESCRIPTION OF NATURE BASED ON MANY OBSERVATIONS OVER AN EXTENDED PERIOD OF TIME.
WHAT ARE THE TEMPERATURES FOR WATER IN THE FAHRENHEIT SCALE AND THE CELSIUS SCALE FOR THE FOLLOWING:
BOILING WATER?
FREEZING WATER?
HUMAN BODY TEMPERATURE (NORMAL)?
212 F, 100 C
32 F, 0 C
96.8 F,37.6 C
WHAT DOES ADAPTATION MEAN?
ANY INHERITED CHARACTERISTIC OF AN ORGANISM THAT MAKES IT BETTER ABLE TO SURVIVE IN ITS ENVIRONMENT
WHAT DOES HOMEOSTASIS MEAN?
THE REGULATION OF AN ORGANISM'S INTERNAL ENVIRONMENT TO MAINTAIN CONDITIONS THAT ALLOW IT TO LIVE,...CONTROLS IN AN ORGANISM WORK CONSTANTLY TO BRING IT BACK TO NORMAL AFTER IT HAS BEEN STIMULATED.
WHAT ARE SOME NONLIVING THINGS THAT ORGANISMS NEED TO SURVIVE?
ENERGY, WATER, OXYGEN AND MINERALS
WHO IS FRANCESCO REDI?
AN ITALIAN DOCTOR WHO CONDUCTED ONE OF THE FIRST CONTROLLED EXPERIMENTS IN SCIENCE
WHO IS LASSARO SPALLANZANI?
DESIGNED AN EXPERIMENT TO SHOW THAT TINY ORGANISMS COME FROM OTHER TINY ORGANISMS IN THE AIR
WHO IS LOUIS PASTEUR?
A FRENCH CHEMIST WHO SHOWED CONCLUSIVELY THAT LIVING THINGS DO NOT COME FROM NON-LIVING THINGS
WHO WERE OPARIN AND MILLER?
OPARIN WAS A RUSSIAN SCIENTIST WHO THOUGHT THE ATMOSPHERE OF THE EARTH WAS MADE UP OF GASES SIMILAR TO AMMONIA, HYDROGEN, METHANE, AND WATER VAPOR...AND THAT THE GASES FORMED THE CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS OF WHICH LIVING THINGS ARE MADE. MILLER WAS AN AMERICAN SCIENTIST THAT TESTED OPARIN'S HYPOTHESIS AND SHOWED THAT SUBSTANCES PRESENT IN LIVING THINGS COULD COME FROM NONLIVING MATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENT, BUT DID NOT PROVE THAT LIFE WAS FORMED IN THIS WAY.
WHAT IS THE THEORY OF BIOGENESIS?
THIS THEORY DISPROVED AND REPLACED THE THEORY OF SPONTANEOUS GENERATION. THIS THEORY THAT LIVING THINGS COME ONLY FROM OTHER LIVING THINGS
___________ARE INHERITED CHARACTERISTICS THAT MAY HELP AN ORGANISM TO SURVIVE?
ADAPTATIONS
THE ____________ IS/ARE THE PART OF THE EXPERIMENT THAT IS TESTED.
VARIABLE
A(N)____________IS A PREDICTION THAT HAS TO BE TESTABLE.
HYPOTHESIS
THE SI USED TO MEASURE LIQUIDS IS THE WHAT?
LITER
THE ____________ IS/ARE THE PART OF THE EXPERIMENT THAT IS TESTED.
VARIABLE
THE SOURCE OF MOST ENERGY FOR LIFE IS WHAT?
THE SUN
WHO DISPROVED THE THEORY OF SPONTANEOUS GENERATION?
LOUIS PASTEUR
SCIENTIST THINK THAT WHAT WAS MISSING FROM EARTH'S EARLY ATMOSPHERE?
OXYGEN