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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
State 2 types of drugs that are products of fungi.
antibiotics & antiviral drugs
a footlike extension of cytoplasm used by some organisms to move & trap food.
pseudopod
yeasts, molds, morels & truffles are examples of this division of fungi;the spores of these fungi are produced in sacs called asci.
sac fungi
plant-like protists that contain chlorophyll & make their own food; they have no roots, stems, or leaves & live in or near water.
algae
a plant-like protist that moves about using pseudopods.
sarcodines
simple organisms having cells with a nucleus.
protists
one-celled alge with body made of two halves; cell walls contain silica; pigment golden brown.
diatom
a resistant reproductive cell that forms new organisms without fertilization; in fungi, ferns & some protists.
spore
one & many celled species; Most live in water, some live out of water, or in other organisms; pigment chlorophyll.
green algae
one-celled animal-like protists; many are parasites.
protozoa
a relationship in which 2 organisms live together, both benefit in some way.
mutualistic
a condition where 2 organisms live together for mutual benefit.
symbiosis
a strong, flexible carbohydrate forming the cell walls of hyphae & found in the body-covering and wings of insects.
chitin
the spore producing sacs of sac fungi.
asci
Give an example of a Sarcodina.
amoeba
the round, spore-producing cases of zygote fungi.
sporangia
Name the fungus-like protists.
slime molds, water molds, & mildew
Give an example of a sporozoan.
plasmodium
one-celled algae that move with a flagellum; has eyespot to detect light; pigment chlorophyll.
euglena
a fungus living in a mutualistic relationship with green algae.
lichen
Many-celled algae; carbohydrate in red algae is used to give some foods a creamy texture; pigment red
red algae
a type of asexual reproduction in which a new organism grows from the body of its parent; for example, yeast reproduces this way.
budding
short, hairlike structures that extend from the cell membrane & help tiny organisms move; found in respiratory passages.
cilia
masses of thread-like structures that form the body of a fungus.
hyphae
an animal-like protist that moves using flagella; example-protozoan
flagellates
Give an example from the Ciliophora kingdom.
paramecium
Many-celled algae; most live in salt water; important food source in acquatic enviornments; pigment brown.
brown algae
Name the animal-like protists.
sarcodines, flagellates, ciliates,& sporozoans.
Why have fungi become so important to medicine?
They produce a wide variety of compounds that are useful in treating bacterial & viral diseases.
a division of fungi which produces spores in round spore cases called sporangia; ex. fuzzy black mold on bread.
zygote fungi
Name the important drug made from an imperfect fungus; this drug was approved for use in organ transplant patients; prevents rejection.
cyclosporine
a division of fungi; composed of species of fungi in which a sexual stage has never been observed; ex. penicillin
imperfect fungi
animal-like protist; small, parasitic protozoans that have no way of moving.
sporozoans
the club-shaped spore-producing structure of club fungi.
basidium
a division of fungi; the spores of these fungi are produced in a club-shaped structure called a basidium.ex. mushroom
club fungi
animal-like protist; complex protozoan that moves using cilia.
ciliates
one-celled algae with 2 flagella. Flagella cause cell to spin; Some species cause red tide; pigment red.
dinoflagellates
Give an example from the Mastigophora phylum.
trypanosome
Name the divisions of fungi.
zygote fungi, sac fungi, club fungi, imperfect fungi & lichens.