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### 8 Cards in this Set

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 Four Components of Statistical Problem Solving 1. Question Formulation 2. Data Production (sampling) 3. Data Summarization 4. Statistical Inference (conclusions) (When given only individuals we use graphing and dont do inference) Method of Data Production 1. Scientific Surveys 2. Designed Experiments Presidential Statistics Organization Gallup Organization (do sampling) Mark Twain quote "There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics." Manipulating DATA Production 1.Sampling biases (one group over represented) 2. Ignoring Influential variables Manipulating Data Summarization 1. Grapihically misrepresenting data: # misleading pictures # misleading scales (diff increments on a graph) Steps 2, 3 & 4 of distorting statistical problem solving Data Collection:ignoring influential variables Data Summarization: Graphically misrepresented statistics Statistical Inference: invalid conclusions and interpretations. Lesson # 2 Vocabulary Statistical Problem Solving Question Formulation Data Collection Data Analysis Statistical Inference