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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which is the genetic material? DNA or protein?
DNA is made up of what?
a deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate group, and one of four different nitrogenous bases (adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine)
What dis Rosalind Franklin discover about DNA?
that it was a helix
What did Erwin Chargoff discover?
that the number of adenines is always equal to the number of thymines, and that the number of cytosines is always equal to the number of guanines.
Pairing complimentary bases: What do these letters pair with?
T with A (and vice versa) G with C (and vice versa)
transcription and translation: view picture (fill in words)
from top to bottom -DNA, transcription, RNA, translation, protein
What does transcripion do? Where does it take place?
produces genetic messages in the form of RNA. Takes place in the nucleus
What happens in translation? Why is it called translation?
the information in the messanger rna is used to create a protein. It is called translation because information is translater from one language (RNA) to another (protein) but the meaning remains the same