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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
____ nerve delivers basic sensory information about organs
vagus
cranial nerves from midbrain
CN 3 and 4
cranial nerves from pons
CN 5-8
cranial nerves from medulla oblongada
CN 9-12
prosencephalon (embryonic) devides into _____ and ____
telencephalon (cerebrum) and diencephalon (thalamus, hypot, epithalamus, and subthalamus- optic nerve outgrowth)
cerebrum funx:
personality and motor funx
longitudinal fissure between cerebrum
falx cerebri
cerebral cortex is composed of ____ matter
gray (cell bodies)
simioval center is composed of ______ matter
white (axons and dendrites)
cerebral hemispheres are connected by ______
corpus collasum
-also known as the Island of Reil
- 5th lobe
insula
precentral gyrus:
located in the ____ lobe
aka ____ ____ _____
funx:
-frontal lobe
-primary motor cortex
-voluntary skeletal muscle movement (pyramidal system)
post central gyrus
Located in the ___ lobe
aka ___ ____ ___
funx:
- parietal lobe
-primary somatosensory cortex
- percieve and locate general sensations
Posterior aspect of superior temporal gyrus
aka ___ ___ or __ __ __
funx:
-wernickes area or primary LANGUAGE cortex
- allows you to integrate language, writing, and comprehending language
posterior area of frontal area
aka ____ ____ or __ ___ __ __
funx:
- broca's area or primary motor speech area
- coordinate muscles to used to talk
anterior region of frontal lobes
funx:
congition (book wise) and personality
occipital lobe
aka __ __ __
funx:
- primary visual cortex
- vision
superior temporal gyrus
aka: __ __
fnx:
auditory cortex
hearing

(wernikes area located POST. sup. temporal gyrus)
Dominant hemisphere ____
why:?
left
-location of brocha's area = need comunication to survive
basal ganglion
embrionic branch:
____ matter
3 groups
- telencephalon (prosenceph)
-gray (deep in cerebral hemi's)
- corpus striatum
claustrum
amygdaloid nuclear complex
corpus striatum (BG)
composed of: ____
____ : ___ and ___
funx:
Damage=
- caudate nucleus
lentiform nuc.:putamen &
globus pallidus
-extrapyramidal system (IN-voluntary movement
- dyskinesia, tremor, change in muscle tone (hypertonicity, rigidity)
claustrum (BG)
__ matter
location/ description
-gray
- long narrow strip lateral to putimen
amygdaloid nuclear complex (BG)
location
funx:
- tip of caudate tail
-emotion
basal ganglion
funx:
extrapyramidal system: involuntary/ instinctive muscle control
ex: sports reflexes
rhinencephalon
embryonic:
funx:
involved with ___ system (funx)
nerve outgrowth
- telencephalon
- smell association
- limbic system (emotion &
expression)
- nerve: olfactory
Diencephalon
embryonic branch of:
composed of: 4 __ and __ nerve
-prosencephalon
- thalamus's and optic nerve
thalamus
bilat. pieces connected by ___
____
composed of __ matter
funx:
- interthalamic lesions
-gray (nuclei balls)
- sensory relay (except for smell)
some motor funx
pain processing
Hypothalamus
separated from thalamus by _ _
connected to __ via __
hypothalmic sulcus

pituitary gland- infundibulum
pituitary gland is protected by
____ and ___
-sella turcica
- diaphragmic sella
funx of hypothalamus
-influnce pituitary gland
-thirst control
-hunger control
-sexual behavior
-regulation of body temp.
-emotions: fear, hate, rage
pituitary gland
aka __
hypophysis
adenohypophysis (aka ___)
- use __ system to
distrubute hormones
- ___ control
- __-__ (# of hormones
produced)
- anterior lobe of pituitary gland
-chemical control
-8-9 hormones
neurohypophysis (aka __)
-# of hormones produced= ___
-____ control
- hormones produced __ & __
- POSTERIOR lobe of pituitary
-2
-neurologic control
-oxytocin & ADH (vasopressin)
adenohypophysis
synthesise and ___ hormones
release hormones
neurophypophysis
NOT ___ factors
not releasing factors
epithalamus
contains ___ ___
hormone produced
funx:
-pineal body

-melatonin
determines onset of puberty
incluences circadian rythems
subthalamus
funx:
hemabolism:
involuntary muscle movement (extrapyramidal system)

forceful extremeity movement on contralateral side, involuntary, usually due to stroke
mesencephalon
aka ____
midbrain
mesencephalon
Parts: ____
____: (x3)
-tectum (dorsal)
- cerebral peduncle (ventral)
*substantia negra
* tegmentum
*crus cerebri
tectum
aka ___ ___
forms 2 sup and infer. ___
quadrageminal plate

colliculi : visual and auditory
cerebellum funx:

Embryonic branch of ___
- coordination of muscle activity (DOES NOT INITAIATE- Initiation by primary motor cortex)
-maintence of equilibrium
-maintence of muscle tone

rhombencephalon-metencephalon-cerebellum
pons funx:

CN:

Embryonic branch of:
-sleep center
-secondary respiratory center

-CN: 5-8

-rhomben-metenceph-pons
myelencephalon

aka ___
funx:
embryonic branch of __
-medulla oblongada

-swallowing
vomiting
PRIMARY RESPIRATORY center
cardiovascular reflexes
viceral reflexes
- rhomben\
polythelia:
multiple nipples
suspensory ligaments of cooper:
suspensory ligaments in breast
corpus mammae:
bulb of breast
blood flow to breasts
subclavian art -> internal thoracic art -> anterior intercostal artery
OR
Subclavian -> axillary -> lateral thoracic artery
(veins same, just reversed)
bracheal plexus
origionates with __ & __ ventral roots
cervical 5-8 & thoracic 1