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15 Cards in this Set

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what where qualities of etruscan temples
Etruscan temples where similar to the greek but had wooden columns and a terracotta-tiled roof
-Their columns were also restricted to the front of the building , creating a deep porch that occupied roughly half the podium.
-unlike the greeks the etruscan temples were not ment to be seen from all directions instead focused on as a home for the statue of their gods
-The etruscans normally placed life sized narrative statues in terracota instead of stone on the peaks of the temple roofs
Who was the sculptur of the Apulu of VEII? and where was it located?
Vulca of VEII was the sculptor, the statue is from the roof of the Portonaccio temple, Veii Italy 5 ft. 11 inches 510-500 BCE
What was the Banditaccia Necropolis
A tomb that housed sarcaphagi, it took the form of a mound or TUMULUS, was made from a dark local limestone called tufa.
Tomb of Reliefs
-Commodated several generations of a single family.
-guaged from tufa bedrock
-Painted stucco reliefs covered the stone the everyday houshold objects like cups stools and mirrors made the connection between houses of the dead and those of the living
-Painted tombs are rare, they are a privilage of only the wealthiest etruscan families
Temple of Portunus
-a temple dedicated to portunus god of the harbors.
-made of tufa and taverntine
-columns are ionic
75 BCE
Sanctuary of fortuna
-the goddess of good fortune
- Constructed in late second century
-the builders used barrel vaults of enormous strength to support the imposing terraces
-made from concrete
The Forum when did it take place and what were its purposes
-2nd century BC
-was at the center of town where religion, business and government took place
-hall of justice (court building) and temple to jupiter were located in the pompeii forum
When was the ampitheatre created and why is it significant?
-70 BC
-Plays and gladiators took stage, primary means was for entertainment it could hold 20,000 people
What is an atrium and what is its purpose?
Roman houses had atriums which was an opening in the roof to collect rainwater
What was significant about the portrait of the husband and wife?
-The man is hsown holding a scroll and the women a stylus and a wax writing tablet , standerd attributes in roman marriage portraits.
-It suggests that they are educated even tho most of the time they were not and even illiterate
What is pax romana
200 years of roman peace
What was the Ara Pacis Augustae?
-A monument celebrating Augustus' greatest achievement peace
-It was dedicated in 9 BCE on his wife Livia's birthday
What did the second panel on the Ara Pacis depict?
-A seated Matron with two babies, she is reffered to as tellus or mother earth. This is the East Facade of the Ara Pacis made in 13-9 BCE
What appear along the north and south side of the Ara pacis?
-Along the North and south of the Ara Pacis is the processions of the imperial family.
- The charecters are distinguishable and it is thought that the wall was made as they were revealing the ara pacis.
When was the colosseum built and how many people could it hold?
-the colluseum was built in 70-80 CE and could hold 50,000 spectators. Emporer vespian started it but titus completed it.