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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Gross
Surface observation/dissection--by the naked eye
Surface
external Structure (physicians exam of a patient)
Systemic
One organ system at a time
Regional
Multiple organ systems in a given region.
Microscopic
Analysis of tissues at the cellular level
Comparative
Across species to learn generalizations & evelutionary trends
Inspection
Physical apperance
Palpation
feeling structures w/ hands
Auscultation
Listening to sounds
Percussion
tap & Feel for resistance
imaging
Viewing internal structures w/ out surgery
Radiography
X-Rays: High energy radiation, Penetrate soft tissues, Low resolution
Sonography
High Frequency ultra sound waves, portable, inexpensive, not sharp imaging
Computerized Tomography (CT)
Low intensity X-Rays, High resolution, 3D, replaces exploratory surgery
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Alligns Hydrogen Atoms w/ magnetic field, very high resolution, can distinguish soft tissues, 3D, Expensive, Timely, non-portable
Organism
A single complete individual
Organ System
A group of organs that carry out a basic function of the organsism (circulation)
Organs
Structure composed of two or more tissue types that work together to carry out a particular function
Tissue
Mass of similar cells and cell products that forms a discrete region of a n organ and performs a specific function
Cells
The smallest units of a n organism that carry out all the basic functions of life
organelles
Microscopic structures in the cell that carry out specific functions
Molecules
A particle composed of at least two atoms
1. Organized
Energy used to maintain order (cells, DNA, fat, lipids)
2. Metabolize
Anabolism & Catabolism
3. Respond
Ability to sense and react to stimuli
4. Homeostasis
Ability for internals to stay the same when surrounding environment changes. (body temp)
5. Grow
Body grows through chemical change (altering molecules from food)
6. Develop
Differtiation= Transformation of cells w/ no specialized function to cells that are commited to a task
7. Reproduce
All produce self copies
8. Evolve
only in the population as a whole
Kingdom
Animalia
Phylum
Chordata
Subphylum
Vertebrata
Class
Mammalia
Order
Primates
Family
Hominidae
Genus
Homo
Species
Homosapiens
notochord
Dorsal flexible rod found only in the embryo (kingdom,Phylum)
Pharyngeeal arches
A series of bulges that develope in the pharngeal region. (kingdom Phylum)
tail
Extends beyond anus. (Kingdom Phylum)
nerve cord
spinal cord (Kingdom Phylum)
1 vertebrae characteristic
well-developed brand and sense organs
2 vertebrae characteristics
internal skeleton
3. Vertebrae characteristics
jointed vertebral column
4. Vertebrae characteristics
Cranium
1. mammalia ch
mammory glands
2. mammalia ch
hair
3. mammalia ch
endothermy
4. mammalia ch
heterodonty
5. mammalia ch.
mandible
6. mammilia ch.
three middle ear bones
1. primate ch
four upper annd lower incisors (front cutting teeth)
2. primate ch
pair of clavicles
3. primate ch
only two mammary glands
4. primates ch
forward eyes w/ sterioscopic vision
5. primate ch.
flat nails
6. primate ch.
opposable thumbs
1. Homindae ch
large brains
2. Homindaae ch.
complex speech
3. Homindae ch.
tool making
4. Homindae ch.
bipedalism (walking on two feet)
Charles Darwin
Wrote origin of Species and coined term "Natural Selection"
Evolution
Change in the genetic composition of a population of organisms
adaption
features of a species anatomy, physiologhy and behavior that have evolved
vestiges
reduced remnents of organs once used (pilocreoter, auricularis muscles)
Supination
palms face up
pronation
palms down
frontal plane
anterior and posterior
transcerse plane
superior and inferior
saggital plane
right and left
Axial region
head, cervical, and trunk
thoracic
above the diaphragm
abdominal
below the diaphragm
Appendicular region
upper and lower region