Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/297

Click to flip

297 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
1.   I had a small office./I used to have a small office.
Yo tenía una officina pequeño.
2.   You used to be [have] cold all the time. (familiar).
Tú tenías frío todo el tiempo.
3.   Did you used to have a lot of friends? (polite)
¿Tenía usted muchos amigos?
4.   He had an easy problem. [He was having an easy problem]
El tenía un problema fácil.
5.   We had a small business. [We used to have a small business.]
Nosotros teníamos un negocio pequeño
6.   You people were having too many problems. (familiar, as in Spain)
Vosotros teníais demasiados problemas.
7.   You guys used to have a boat.
Ustedes tenían un barco.
8.   They had their tickets. [They were having their tickets.]
Ellos tenían sus boletos.
I ate.
Yo comí.
You met someone. (familiar)
[Tú] conociste a alguien.
You found out something. (polite)
Usted supo algo.
Did he understand?
¿Entendió él?
We wrote.
[Nosotros] escribimos.
We went.
[Nosotros] fuimos.
You guys closed.
Ustedes cerraron.
You people arrived.
Ustedes llegaron.
They left something at my house.
Ellos dejaron algo en mi casa.
I stopped my car at the corner.
[Yo] paré me automóvil en la esquina.
You loved many people. (familiar)
[Tú] amaste a muchas personas.
Where did you live? (familiar)
¿Dónde viviste tú?
Where did she live?
¿Dónde vivió ella?
I liked the lunch.
Me gustó el almuerzo.
That cost a lot.
Eso costó mucho.
We finished.
[Nosotros] terminamos.
They almost finished.
[Nosotros] casi terminaron.
He was able to…
El pudo…
He needed…
El necesitó…
I meant…
[Yo] quise decir…
She repeated that word.
Ella repitió esa palabra.
They answered the questions.
Ellos contestaron a las preguntas.
You were born 20 years ago. (familiar)
[Tú] naciste hace veinte a+B39os.
Did you earn some money?/Did you win some money? (polite)
¿Ganó usted algún diñero?
None
He went downstairs./He went down.
El bajó.
I climbed./I went up.
[Yo] subí.
She moved the car.
Ella movió el coche.
We ran as far as the store.
[Nosotros] corrimos hasta la tienda.
We walked.
[Nosotros] caminamos.
I walked to the youth hostel.
[Yo] caminé hasta el albergue de jóvenes.
They touched the baby.
Ellos tocaron al bebé.
You gave money to your employee. (familiar)
Tú diste dinero a tu empleado.
She gave the box back.
Ella devolvió la caja.
I visited the tourist information office.
[Yo visité la oficina de información turística.
Did you visit your parents? (polite)
¿Visitó usted a sus padres?
I lost my credit card.
Perdí mi tarjeta de crédito.
Did you sleep well? (polite)
¿Durmió usted bien?
You said it. [L. You it said] (polite)
Usted lo dijo.
He did it./He made it. [L. He it made.]
El lo hizo.
You did it./You made it. (polite)
Usted lo hizo.
I learned Spanish in the United States.
Aprendí español en los Estados Unidos.
He understood your English. (polite)
El comprendió su inglés.
Did you see my brother? (polite)
¿Vio usted a mi hermano?
She saw the train.
Ella vio el tren.
They drank their drinks. (feminine)
Ellos bebieron sus bebidas.
You did something./You made something. (polite)
Usted hizo algo.
We opened the gift.
[Nosotros] abrimos el regalo.
He wanted to buy a ticket.
El quiso comprar un boleto.
Yesterday, I needed somebody.
Ayer, [yo] necesité a alguien.
1.             Did he put the information on the table?
1.             ¿Puso él la información en la mesa?
2.             Where did he put the information?
2.             ¿Dónde puso él la información?
3.             I returned last month.
3.             Yo regresé el mes pasado.
4.             He turned on the television set.
4.             El encendió el televisor.
5.             We turned off the lights.
5.             Nosotros apagamos las luces.
6.             Did you smell the cake? (familiar)
6.             ¿[Tú] oliste el pastel?
7.             Did they receive some mail?
7.             ¿Recibieron ellos alguna correspondencia?
8.             I swam in the ocean.
8.             [Yo] nadé en el oceano.
9.             She entered the building.
9.             Ella entró en el edificio.
10.         He died yesterday.
10.       El murió ayer.
11.       Did you follow the highway? (plural)
11.       Siguieron ustedes el carretera?
12.       They dreamed about their trip.
12.       Ellos soñaron con su viaje.
13.       I spent some time in Spain.
13.       [Yo] pasé algun tiempo en Espana.
14.       I went past the post office./I passed by the post office.
14.       Pasé por la oficina de correos.
15.       I spent some money./I spent a little money.
15.       [Yo] gasté un poco de dinero.
16.       That seemed easy.
16.       Eso pareció facil.
17.       He used a computer.
17.       El usó una comutadora.
18.       We used the product.
18.       [Nosotros] usamos el producto.
19.       What did you say? (polite)
19.       ¿Qué dijo usted?
20.       What did she say?
20.       ¿Qué dijo ella?
21.       What did you say? (familiar)
21.       ¿Qué dijiste?
22.       Did you try one more time? (familiar)
22.       ¿Trataste una vez más?
23.       She took away the pillow./She removed the pillow.
23.       Ella quitó la almohada.
24.       Did you owe a lot of money? (familiar)
24.       Debiste [tú] mucho dinero.
25.       Did they pay back the money?
25.       Devolvieron ellos el dinero.
26.       My female cousin borrowed some money.
26.       Mi prima pidió prestado algún dinero.
27.       When did they begin?
27.       ¿Cuándo comenzaron ellos?
28.       My grandfather returned today.
28.       Mi abuelo regresó hoy.
29.       My grandmother went out last night.
29.       Mi abuela salió anoche.
30.       My uncle heard the television.
30.       Mi tío oyó la television.
31.       My aunt listened to the people.
31.       Mi tía escuchó a las personas.
32.       Did you look at the chair? (familiar)
32.       ¿Miraste [tú] la silla?
33.       I got another fork./I obtained a different fork.
33.       [Yo] conseguí otro tenedor.
34.       Did you send the package? (plural)
34.       ¿Enviaron ustedes el paquete?
35.       They accepted my check.
35.       Ellos aceptaron mi cheque.
36.       She read the tourist information.
36.       Ella leyó la información turistica.
37.       We prepared the food for the party.
37.       [Nosotros] preparamos la comida para la fiesta.
38.       They played together.
38.       Ellos jugaron juntos.
39.       He thought about the movie.
39.       El pensó acerca de la pelicula.
40.       I waited for the ball.
40.       [Yo] esperé la pelota.
41.       You took your friend to the [theatre] show. (familiar)
41.       [Tú] llevaste a tu amigo a la función.
42.       Did you repair the refrigerator? (polite)
42.       ¿Reparo usted el refrigerador?
43.       Paul checked the oil.
43.       Pablo examinó el aceite.
44.       She preferred the small apartment.
44.       Ella prefirió el apartamento pequeño.
45.       We washed the furniture.
45.       [Nosotros] lavamos los muebles.
46.       They carried the groceries.
46.       Ellos llevaron los comestibles.
47.       I brought the ice.
47.       Yo traje el hielo.
48.       He met the boss at the party.
48.       El conoció al patron en la fiesta.
49.       We felt the heat.
49.       [Nosotros] sentimos el calor.
50.       Did you show the photo? (polite)
50.       ¿Enseño usted la foto?
51.       We worked for many years.
51.       Ella trabajó por muchos años.
52.       I found some money.
52.       Yo encontré algún dinero.
1.   I was happy yesterday.
Yo estuve feliz ayer.
2.   You were angry last night. (familiar)
Tú estuviste enojado anoche.
3.   You were tired. (polite, feminine)
Usted estuvo cansada.
4.   He was very funny.
El estuvo muy cómico.
5.   The man was at my house.
El hombre estuvo en mi casa.
6.   We were at home last night.
Nosotros estuvimos en casa la noche pasada.
7.   You were in Portugal two years ago. (pl., Sp)
Vosotros estuvisteis en Portugal hace dos años.
8.   You people were in Germany last year.
Ustedes estuvieron en Alemania el año pasado.
9.   They were very amusing.
Ellos estuvieron muy simpáticos.
10.                     She was sad yesterday.
Ella estuvo triste ayer.
1.   I went to the station.
Yo fui a la estación.
2.   I was rich ten years ago.
Yo fui rico hace diez años.
3.   You went to the market. (familiar)
Tú fuiste al mercado.
4.   You were poor. (familiar)
Tú fuiste pobre.
5.   You were bad. (polite)
Usted fue malo.
6.   My trip was too short.
Mi viaje fue demasiado corto.
7.   Paul went to the museum.
Pablo fue al museo.
8.   She was beautiful.
Ella fue bella.
9.   We were religious.
Nosotros fuimos religiosos.
10.                     We went to the castle.
Nosotros fuimos al castillo.
11.                     You people were good. (pl., Sp)
Vosotros fuisteis buenos.
12.                     You people were skinny. (feminine)
Ellas fueron delgadas.
13.                     You went to the bullfighting ring. (pl)
Ustedes fueron a la plaza de toros.
14.                     They were smart.
Ellos fueron inteligentes.
15.                     They went to the city center.
Ellos fueron al centro de la ciudad.
16.                     She went to the market.
Ella fue al mercado.
1.   I had a small house.
Yo tuve una casa pequeña.
2.   You were cold. (fam.) [Lit., You had cold.]
Tú tuviste frío.
3.   You were hot. (polite) [Lit., You had heat.]
Usted tuvo calor.
4.   She had a difficult problem yesterday.
Ella tuvo ayer un problema difícile.
5.   We had a big car.
Nosotros tuvimos un coche grande.
6.   Did you have enough time? (plural, as in Spain)
¿Tuvisteis vosotros bastante tiempo?
7.   You people were hungry. [Lit., You guys had hunger.]
Ustedes tuvieron hambre.
8.   They had a cat last year.
Ellos tuvieron un gato el año pasado.
1.   Used to express action in the past that may still be incomplete.
Used to express action in the past that may still be incomplete.
2.   I was at the bus station.
Yo estaba en la estación de autobús.
3.   You were at my house. (familiar)
Tú estabas en mi casa.
4.   You were happy./You used to be happy. (polite)
Usted estaba feliz.
5.   He was here.
El estaba aquí.
6.   She was wet./It was wet. (feminine)
Ella estaba mojada.
7.   It was dry./It used to be dry.
Estaba seco.
8.   We were busy.
Nosotros estábamos ocupados.
9.   You were late. (plural)
Ustedes estaban atrasados.
10.                     You were in the mountains. (plural, familiar, as in Spain)
Vosotros estabais en las montañas.
11.                     They were alone./They used to be alone.
Ellos estaban solos.
12.                     They were with their husbands.
Ellos estaban con sus esposos.
13.                     Everybody was there.
Todos estaban allí.
1.   I was young./I used to be young.
Yo era joven.
2.   You were handsome./You used to be handsome. (familiar)
Tú eras guapo.
3.   You used to be skinny. (polite, feminine)
Usted era delgada.
4.   It was red./It used to be red.
Era rojo.
5.   She used to be fat.
Ella era gorda.
6.   We used to be poor.
Nosotros éramos pobres.
7.   You people used to be thin. (familiar, as in Spain)
Vosotros erais delgados.
8.   You people used to be beautiful. (feminine)
Ustedes eran hermosas.
9.   They used to be ugly.
Ellos eran feos.
10.   It was one o'clock.
Era la una.
11.   It was 7 o'clock.
Eran las siete.
12.   The view was very nice.
La vista era muy bonita.
13.   He was fast./He used to be fast.
El era rápido.
14.   She was young./She used to be young.
Ella era joven.
15.   You were very strong./You used to be very strong. (polite)
Usted era muy fuerte.
1.   I had a small office./I used to have a small office.
Yo tenía una officina pequeño.
2.   You used to be [have] cold all the time. (familiar).
Tú tenías frío todo el tiempo.
3.   Did you used to have a lot of friends? (polite)
¿Tenía usted muchos amigos?
4.   He had an easy problem. [He was having an easy problem]
El tenía un problema fácil.
5.   We had a small business. [We used to have a small business.]
Nosotros teníamos un negocio pequeño
6.   You people were having too many problems. (familiar, as in Spain)
Vosotros teníais demasiados problemas.
7.   You guys used to have a boat.
Ustedes tenían un barco.
8.   They had their tickets. [They were having their tickets.]
Ellos tenían sus boletos.
1.   I used to speak Spanish.
[Yo] hablaba español.
2.   Were you speaking on the telephone? (familiar)
Hablabas por teléfono?
3.   Were you talking too much? (polite)
Hablaba usted demasiado?
4.   He was speaking with his friend.
El hablaba con su amigo.
5.   We used to talk every day.
Nosotros hablábamos todos los dias.
6.   You guys were talking too loud. (familiar, as in Spain)
Vosotros hablabais demasiado alto.
7.   Were you talking quietly? (plural)
¿Hablaban ustedes tranquilamente?
8.   They were talking about the game. (feminine)
Ellas hablaban acerca del juego.
9.   Conjugate regular "ar" verb in the imperfect.
Drop the "ar" from the infinitive form and add the appropriate ending (aba) (abas) (aba) … (ábamos) (abais) (aben)
1.   I used to sell cars.
[Yo] vendía coches.
2.   You were selling your car. (familiar)
Tú vendías su coche.
3.   Did you used to sell clocks? (polite)
¿Vendía usted relojes?
4.   He was selling radios.
El vendía radios.
5.   We used to sell ice.
Nosotros vendíamos hielo.
6.   Were you selling all the books? (plural, fam., as in Spain)
¿Vendíais vosotros todos los libros?
7.   Did you guys used to sell furniture?
¿Vendían ustedes muebles?
8.   They used to sell clothes.
Ellos vendían ropas.
9.   I was living in Italy.
[Yo] vivía en Italia.
10.                     You used to live in England. (familiar)
Tú vivías en Inglaterra.
11.                     She was living in Switzerland.
Ella vivía en Suiza.
12.                     We were living in Africa.
Nosotros vivíamos en Africa.
13.                     Were you people living in South America? (familiar, as in Spain)
¿Vivíais vosotros en América del Sur?
14.                     They used to live in Europe.
Ellos vivían en Europa.
15.                     Conjugate "er" or "ir" in the imperfect tense.
Drop the "er" or "ir" from the infinitive form (ía) (ías) (ía) … (íamos) (íais) (ían)
1.   I wanted breakfast. [L. I was wanting breakfast]
Yo quería desayuno.
2.   He wanted to sell his house. [L. He was wanting to sell his house.]
El quería vender su casa.
3.   We were wanting to buy something.
Nosotros queríamos comprar algo.
4.   I was eating breakfast with my wife.
Yo desayunaba con mi esposa.
5.   We were eating lunch at home./We used to eat lunch at home.
Almorzábamos en casa.
6.   He was buying a ticket.
El compraba un boleto.
7.   The train was leaving late./ The train used to leave late.
El tren salía atrasado.
8.   We were looking for a gift.
Buscábamos un regalo.
9.   You were closing the door. (familiar)
Tú cerrabas la puerta.
10.   They were renting a house./ They used to rent a house.
Ellos alquilaban una casa.
11.   They were learning French. (feminine)
Ellas aprendían francés.
12.   The weather was cold. [L. It was making cold.]
Hacía frío.
13.   Were you doing something? (polite)
¿Hacía usted algo?
14.   They wanted to live alone.
Ellos querían vivir solos.
15.   We wanted to buy ice cream.
Nosotros queríamos comprar helado.
1.   There is….There are
Hay
2.   There was….There were
Había
3.   There were several trains at the station.
Había varios trenes en la estación.
4.   There was a line of people at the post office.
Había una cola en al oficina de correos.
5.   Was there anyone at the house?
¿Había alguien en la casa?
6.   There were a lot of people in town.
Había muchas personas en el pueblo.
7.   There was a park near the old hotel.
Había un parque cerca del hotel viejo.
8.   There was a fire last week.
Hubo un fuego la semana pasada.
9.   Tomorrow there will be a party.
Mañana habrá una fiesta.
1.   He is a tall man.
El es un hombre alto.
2.   It's a very high building.
Es un edificio muy alto.
3.   It is a short distance from here.
Está a corta distancia de aqui.
4.   Turn on the light please.
Encienda la luz por favor.
5.   Turn off the light.
Apague la luz.
6.   Anyone can buy a car.
Cualquiera puede comprar un coche.
7.   Anything is better than this.
Cualquier cosa es mejor que esto.
8.   One can't go.
Uno no puede ir.
9.   Do you go often? (familiar)
¿Vas tú a menudo?
10.                     No, never.
No, nunca.
11.                     He is going to go right away.
El va a ir en seguida.
12.                     They are going together.
Ellos van juntos.
13.                     I need to think about it.
Necesito pensar acerca del esto.
14.                     Is this correct?
¿Esto está correcto? / ¿Está correcto esto?
15.                     Is this (morally) right?
¿Esto es correcto?
16.                     This is not correct.
Esto no es correcto.
17.                     You are right. / You are correct. (polite)
Usted tiene razón.
18.                     He is wrong. / He is in error.
El está equivocado.
19.                     It's the right address. / This address is correct.
La dirección está correcta.
20.                     This is the wrong road. / This road is wrong.
Este camino está equivocado.
21.                     This is not the right road.
Este no es el camino correcto.
22.                     Whose glass is this? [L., Of whom is this glass?]
¿De quién es este vaso?
23.                     It looks like this but it's bigger. (masculine)
Se parece a esto pero es más grande.
24.                     They are going to take a drink [glass] of water. (feminine)
Ellas van a tomarse un vaso de agua.
25.                     They are going to take their husbands with them.
Ellas van a llevar a sus esposos con ellas.
26.                     Look at him. / Look at it.
Míralo.
27.                     Look at her.
Mírala.
28.                     That is an old building.
Ese es un edifício viejo.
29.                     She is an old woman.
Ella es una mujer vieja.
30.                     He is an old man.
El es un hombre viejo.
31.                     She is young.
Ella es joven.
32.                     There's my new car.
Ahí está mi nuevo coche.
33.                     Did you see my new truck? (polite)
¿Vío usted mi nuevo camión?
34.                     They bought some new clothes.
Ellos compraron ropa nueva.
35.                     Everything is brand new.
Todos es completamente nuevo.
1.   How often does the bus come by?/How often does the bus pass?
¿Cada cuánto tiempo pasa el autobús?
2.   How often does the bus leave for town?
¿Cada cuánto tiempo sale el autobús para el pueblo?
3.   every twenty minutes
cada veinte minutos
4.   I am seated. (feminine)
Estoy sentada.
5.   I am standing. (feminine)
Estoy parada.
6.   I want to sit [myself] at the table.
[Yo] quiero sentarme en la mesa.
7.   I want to stand [myself] in the corner.
[Yo] quiero pararme en la esquina.
8.   Sit down, please.
Siéntese por favor.
9.   Stand up, please.
Levántese por favor.
10.                     the ground floor
la planta baja
11.                     In Spain, the first floor is above the ground floor.
En España, el primer piso está sobre la planta baja.
12.                     The ground floor is below the first floor.
La planta baja está debajo del primer piso.
13.                     I don't like the rain.
No me gusta la lluvia.
14.                     It is raining.
Llueve./Está lloviendo.
15.                     Is it still raining?
¿Todavia llueve?
16.                     to follow/to continue
seguir
17.                     Is it still raining? Does it continue to rain?
¿Sigue lloviendo?
18.                     the sun
el sol
19.                     It's going to be sunny./[L. It's going to make sun]
Va a hacer sol.
20.                     to take a walk/to go for a ride
pasearse
21.                     I went for a ride in a car.
Fui a pasear en automóvil.
22.                     What a pretty young girl!
¡Que muchacha tan bonita!
23.                     That is an ugly building.
Ese es un edificio feo.
24.                     This book is about France.
Este libro es sobre Francia.
25.                     We want to find something cheaper.
Queremos hallar algo más barato.
26.                     a kilogram
un kilogramo
27.                     Give me two kilograms, please.
Déme dos kilogramos, por favor.
28.                     Bring me some stamps, please.
Tráigame unas estampillas, por favor.
29.                     I like wine.
Me gusto el vino.
None
30.                     I would like something.
Quisiera algo.
31.                     Would you like some? (familiar)
¿Quisieras algunos?
32.                     I would like one.
Quisiera uno.
33.                     I would like two of them.
Quisiera dos de ellos.
34.                     Do you have any? (polite)
¿Tiene usted alguno?
35.                     You sold five of them. (sing., familiar, feminine)
Vendiste cinco de ellas.