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173 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
el equipo
team
la milla
mile
el partido
game, match
la piscina
swimming pool
la rueda de andar
treadmill
el atleta
la atleta
athlete (masc. / fem.)
el basquetbol
basketball
el béisbol
baseball
el fútbol americano
football
el golf
golf
el tenis
tennis
el vóleibol
volleyball
el gimnasio
gymnasium
los días festivos
holidays
el Día de Acción de Gracias
Thanksgiving
el Día de San Patricio
St. Patrick's Day
el Día de San Valentín
el Día de los Enamorados
St. Valentine's Day
la Fiesta de las Luces
Hanukkah
el Martes de Carnaval
Mardi Gras
la Navidad
Christmas
la Noche Vieja
New Year's Eve
la Nochebuena
Christmas Eve
la Pascua
(de los judíos)
Passover
la Pascua (Florida)
Easter
¿Cuántos años cumples?
How old are you turning?
el aguafiestas
party pooper
el ajedrez
chess
el brindis
toast
el cumpleaños
birthday
los demás
las demás
others
la fiesta de sorpresa
surprise party
el juego
game (as in chess)
los ratos libres
free / spare time
el regalo
gift
la tarjeta
card
anoche
last night
ayer
yesterday
fuerte
strong
el museo
museum
divertido
divertida
fun (masc. / fem.)
los cuartos
rooms
los muebles
furniture
los aparatos domésticos
household appliances
el baño
bathroom
la alfombra
rug; carpet
la bañera
bathtub
la ducha
shower
el espejo
mirror
el inodoro
toilet
el lavabo
bathroom sink
la cocina
kitchen
la cafetera
coffeemaker
la estufa
stove
el horno
oven
el lavaplatos
dishwasher
el microondas
microwave
la nevera
freezer
el refrigerador
refrigerator
el comedor
dining room
la habitación
bedroom
el armario
closet
la cama
bed
el cartel
poster
la cómoda
dresser
el estante
bookshelf
la lámpara
lamp
la mesita
end table
la sala
living room
el cuadro
painting
el sillón
armchair
el sofá
sofa
el balcón
balcony
el garaje
garage
el jardín
garden
el patio
patio
el escritorio
desk
la mesa
table
la silla
chair
los quehaceres domésticos
housework
barrer el piso
to sweep the floor
hacer (irreg.) la cama
to make the bed
lavar los platos
to wash the dishes
limpiar la casa entera
to clean the whole house
pasar la aspiradora
la aspiradora
to vacuum
vacuum cleaner
planchar la ropa
to iron the clothing
quitar el polvo
to dust
sacar (qu) la basura
to take out the garbage
el jabón
soap
la lavadora
washing machine
la plancha
iron
los productos de limpieza
cleaning products
la secadora
dryer
el detergente
detergent
la ventana
window
la vivienda
housing
la casa
house; home
la casa particular
private residence
el compañero de cuarto
la compañera de cuarto
roommate (masc.)
roommate (fem.)
el compañero de casa
la compañera de casa
housemate (masc.)
housemate (fem.)
la dirección
address
el dueño
la dueña
owner / landlord (masc.)
owner / landlady (fem.)
el hogar
home (as in "home, sweet home")
el inquilino
la inquilina
tenant
los pies cuadrados
los metros cuadrados
square feet
square meters
el piso
la planta
flat, apartment, or floor
floor of a building
el portero
la portera
doorperson; building manager
el tamaño
size
el vecino
la vecina
neighbor
la vista
view
el apartamento
apartment
el condominio
condominium
la residencia
residence
el alquiler
rent
el barrio
neighborhood
el edificio
building
la oficina
office
la residencia estudiantil
dorm
amueblado
amueblada
furnished
me (obj. or prep.)
por
for; because of
ti
you (obj. of prep.)
¿De qué tamaño es...?
What size is...?
To make impersonal statements, ones in which the verb is singular and the subject is not specified, use the reflexive pronoun __. The rough equivalent in English is one, you, or they.

EXAMPLES:
__ puede llamar a la professora si hay preguntas.
__necesita practicar el español todos los días.
To make impersonal statements, ones in which the verb is singular and the subject is not specified, use the reflexive pronoun SE. The rough equivalent in English is one, you, or they.

EXAMPLES:
SE puede llamar a la professora si hay preguntas. (One can call the professor if there are questions)

SE necesita practicar el español todos los días. (One needs to practice Spanish every day)
The _________ is used to talk about finished or completed events in the past. If the action or event is viewed by the speaker as completed by a certain point in time - no matter how long the action or event lasted - it will be expressed in the _________.

EXAMPLES:
--Sólo canté una canción.
--Los dinosaurios reinaron por millones de años.
The PRETERITE is used to talk about finished or completed events in the past. If the action or event is viewed by the speaker as completed by a certain point in time - no matter how long the action or event lasted - it will be expressed in the PRETERITE.

EXAMPLES:
--Sólo canté una canción. (I sang only one song)
--Los dinosaurios reinaron por millones de años. (Dinosaurs reigned for millions of years)
Note the following about -ar verb forms of the __________. The nosotros form is the same as that used in the present tense. Context usually lets you know whether past or present is intended.

EXAMPLE: Ayer visitamos el Museo del Prado.
Note the following about -ar verb forms of the PRETERITE. The nosotros form is the same as that used in the present tense. Context usually lets you know whether past or present is intended.

EXAMPLE: Ayer visitamos el Museo del Prado. (Yesterday we visited the Prado Museum)
In the preterite, verbs that end in -car, -gar, and -zar have spelling changes in the __ form that keep the k, hard g, and soft c sounds.

EXAMPLES:
tocar: -car --> qu (toqué)
pagar: -gar --> gu (pagué)
empezar: -zar --> c (empecé)
In the preterite, verbs that end in -car, -gar, and -zar have spelling changes in the YO form that keep the k, hard g, and soft c sounds.

EXAMPLES:
tocar: -car --> qu (toqué)
pagar: -gar --> gu (pagué)
empezar: -zar --> c (empecé)
Verbs with present-tense stem changes show no stem changes in the _________.

EXAMPLES:

-COMENZAR-
COMIENZA (3rd person, present tense) / COMENZÓ (3 person, preterite)

-ALMORZAR-
ALMUERZA (3rd person, present tense) / ALMORZÓ (3rd person, preterite tense)
Verbs with present-tense stem changes show no stem changes in the PRETERITE.

EXAMPLES:

-COMENZAR-
comienza (3rd person, present tense) / comenzó (3 person, preterite)

-ALMORZAR-
ALMUERZA (3rd person, present tense) / ALMORZÓ (3rd person, preterite tense)
Note the accent marks on the yo, usted, and él / ella forms in the _________. These are important to demonstrate the shift of stress from the stem of the verb to the verb ending.
Note the accent marks on the yo, usted, and él / ella forms in the PRETERITE. These are important to demonstrate the shift of stress from the stem of the verb to the verb ending.
To express the concept of "ago" Spanish uses ____ + the amount of time elapsed.

EXAMPLES:
____ unos días (a few days ago)
____ unas semanas (a few weeks ago)
____ un mes (a month ago)
____ varios años (several years ago)
To express the concept of "ago" Spanish uses HACE + the amount of time elapsed.

EXAMPLES:
HACE unos días (a few days ago)
HACE unas semanas (a few weeks ago)
HACE un mes (a month ago)
HACE varios años (several years ago)
As in the _________ forms of -ar verbs, the stress or -er / -ir verbs shifts from the stem of the verb to the vowel in the ending.
As in the PRETERITE forms of -ar verbs, the stress or -er / -ir verbs shifts from the stem of the verb to the vowel in the ending.
Unlike those for the present tense, the _________ endings (including those for nosotros & vosotros) are exactly the ____ for -er and -ir verbs.
Unlike those for the present tense, the PRETERITE endings (including those for nosotros & vosotros) are exactly the SAME for -er and -ir verbs.
As with stem-changing -ar verbs, -er verbs show __ stem change in the preterite. However, some -ir verbs do show a stem change in the preterite, but only in the usted, él, ella, ustedes, and ellos / ellas forms.

EXAMPLE:
-COMPETIR-
Yo competí
Ella compitió
Ustedes compitieron
As with stem-changing -ar verbs, -er verbs show NO stem change in the preterite. However, some -ir verbs do show a stem change in the preterite, but only in the usted, él, ella, ustedes, and ellos / ellas forms.

EXAMPLE:
-COMPETIR- (to compete)
Yo competí
Ella compitió
Ustedes compitieron
In the _________, an unstressed i between vowels becomes a y for spelling and pronunciation purposes.

EXAMPLE:
-LEER-
Yo leí
Tú leíste
Él / Ella / Usted leyó
Nosotros(-as) leímos
Vosotros(-as) leísteis
Ellos / Ellas leyeron
In the PRETERITE, an unstressed i between vowels becomes a y for spelling and pronunciation purposes.

EXAMPLE:
-LEER- (to read)
Yo leí
Tú leíste
Él / Ella / Usted leyó
Nosotros(-as) leímos
Vosotros(-as) leísteis
Ellos / Ellas leyeron
The verb conocer in the preterite translates as ___.

EXAMPLE:
Conocí al nuevo estudiante.
The verb conocer in the preterite translates as MET.

EXAMPLE:
Conocí al nuevo estudiante. (I met the new student)
Three verbs that are irregular in the preterite tense are: _____, __, and ___.
Three verbs that are irregular in the preterite tense are: HACER, IR, and SER.
IR and SER share the same _____ in the preterite. Context will determine the meaning.

EXAMPLES:
--¿Fue Roberto al cine?
--Bill Clinton fue presidente de 1993-2001.
IR and SER share the same FORMS in the preterite. Context will determine the meaning.

EXAMPLES:
--¿Fue Roberto al cine? (Did Roberto go to the movies?)
--Bill Clinton fue presidente de 1993-2001. (Bill Clinton was president from 1993-2001.)
el primer
the first
el segundo
the second
el tercer
the third
el cuarto
the fourth
el último
the last
Acuario
Aquarius
Aries
Aries
Cáncer
Cancer
Capricornio
Capricorn
Escorpio
Scorpio
Géminis
Gemini
Leo
Leo
Libra
Libra
Piscis
Pisces
Sagitario
Sagittarius
Tauro
Taurus
Virgo
Virgo
The verb andar is _________ in the preterite and means __ ____. The stem is anduv-

anduve anduvimos
anduviste anduvisteis
anduvo anduvieron
The verb andar is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO WALK.

anduve anduvimos
anduviste anduvisteis
anduvo anduvieron
The verb decir is _________ in the preterite and means __ ___. The stem is dij-

dije dijimos
dijiste dijisteis
dijo dijeron
The verb decir is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO SAY. The stem is dij-

dije dijimos
dijiste dijisteis
dijo dijeron
The verb estar is _________ in the preterite and means __ __. The stem is estuv-

estuve estuvimos
estuviste estuvisteis
estuvo estuvieron
The verb estar is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO BE. The stem is estuv-

estuve estuvimos
estuviste estuvisteis
estuvo estuvieron
The verb poder is _________ in the preterite and means __ __ ____. The stem is pud-

pude pudimos
pudiste pudisteis
pudo pudieron
The verb poder is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO BE ABLE. The stem is pud-

pude pudimos
pudiste pudisteis
pudo pudieron
The verb poner is _________ in the preterite and means __ ___. The stem is pus-

puse pusimos
pusiste pusisteis
puso pusieron
The verb poner is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO PUT. The stem is pus-

puse pusimos
pusiste pusisteis
puso pusieron
The verb querer is _________ in the preterite and means __ ____. The stem is quis-

quise quisimos
quisiste quisisteis
quiso quisieron
The verb querer is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO WANT. The stem is quis-

quise quisimos
quisiste quisisteis
quiso quisieron
The verb saber is _________ in the preterite and means __ ____. The stem is sup-

supe supimos
supiste supisteis
supo supieron
The verb saber is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO KNOW. The stem is sup-

supe supimos
supiste supisteis
supo supieron
The verb tener is _________ in the preterite and means __ ____. The stem is tuv-

tuve tuvimos
tuviste tuvisteis
tuvo tuvieron
The verb tener is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO HAVE. The stem is tuv-

tuve tuvimos
tuviste tuvisteis
tuvo tuvieron
The verb traer is _________ in the preterite and means __ _____. The stem is traj-

traje trajimos
trajiste trajsteis
trajo trajeron
The verb traer is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO BRING. The stem is traj-

traje trajimos
trajiste trajisteis
trajo trajeron
The verb venir is _________ in the preterite and means __ ____. The stem is vin-

vine vinimos
viniste vinisteis
vino vinieron
The verb venir is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO COME. The stem is vin-

vine vinimos
viniste vinisteis
vino vinieron
There is __ stress shift for irregular preterite verbs andar, decir, estar, poder, poner, querer, saber, tener, traer, and venir in the YO, USTED, & ÉL / ELLA forms.
There is NO stress shift for irregular preterite verbs andar, decir, estar, poder, poner, querer, saber, tener, traer, and venir in the YO, USTED, & ÉL / ELLA forms.
For irregular preterite verbs andar, decir, estar, poder, poner, querer, saber, tener, traer, and venir all the endings are the ____ regardless of whether they end in -ar, -er, or -ir.
For irregular preterite verbs andar, decir, estar, poder, poner, querer, saber, tener, traer, and venir all the endings are the SAME regardless of whether they end in -ar, -er, or -ir.
The verb saber in the preterite translates as to ____ out / to ____ to know in English.

EXAMPLE:
¿Y cuándo supiste eso?
The verb saber in the preterite translates as to FIND out / to COME to know in English.

EXAMPLE:
¿Y cuándo supiste eso? (And when did you find that out?)
Verbs whose irregular preterite stems end in j or a vowel ____ the i in the ustedes, ellos, and ellas forms.

EXAMPLES:

-DECIR- dije, dijiste, dijo, dijimos, dijisteis, dijeron

-TRAER- traje, trajiste, trajo, trajimos, trajisteis, trajeron
Verbs whose irregular preterite stems end in j or a vowel DROP the i in the ustedes, ellos, and ellas forms.

EXAMPLES:

-DECIR- dije, dijiste, dijo, dijimos, dijisteis, dijeron

-TRAER- traje, trajiste, trajo, trajimos, trajisteis, trajeron
The verb dar is _________ in the preterite and means __ ____. There are no ______ marks in the yo, usted, él, and ella forms because they consist of one syllable.

di dimos
diste disteis
dio dieron
The verb dar is IRREGULAR in the preterite and means TO GIVE. There are no ACCENT marks in the yo, usted, él, and ella forms because they consist of one syllable.

di dimos
diste disteis
dio dieron
"Querer" normally translates as __ ____, but in the preterite it means __ ___.

EXAMPLE: Quise hacerlo.
"Querer" normally translates as TO WANT, but in the preterite it means TO TRY.

EXAMPLE: Quise hacerlo. (I tried to do it)
"No querer" normally translates as not to want, but in the preterite it means to ______.

EXAMPLE: No quise hacerlo.
"No querer" normally translates as not to want, but in the preterite it means to REFUSE.

EXAMPLE: No quise hacerlo. (I refused to do it)
"Poder" normally translates as to be able / can, but in the preterite it means to _______ or to ______ to (do something)

EXAMPLE: Por fin pude hacerlo.
"Poder" normally translates as to be able / can, but in the preterite it means to SUCCEED or to MANAGE to (do something)

EXAMPLE: Por fin pude hacerlo. (Finally I managed to do it)
"No poder" normally translates as not to be able / can't, but in the preterite means to ____ (in doing something)

EXAMPLE: No pude hacerlo.
"No poder" normally translates as not to be able / can't, but in the preterite means to FAIL (in doing something)

EXAMPLE: No pude hacerlo. (I failed to do it.)
aficionado a / aficionada a
fan of (masc. / fem.)