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15 Cards in this Set

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gradual removal of a prompt
fading
providing reinforcement only for behaviors that approximate the desired one
shaping
making a high probability behavior contingent on performance of a low probability behavior
Premack principle
reinforcing all behaviors except the target behavior and withholding reinforcement following a behavior
differential reinforcement
applying a stimulus following a behavior to decrease it
punishment
a reinforcer losing its effectiveness due to it being increased in magnitude
satiation
a punishment losing its effectiveness because it is administered in a weak form initially and then increased in intensity
habituation
a punishment is most effective if it is initially:

mild
moderate
severe
moderate
using a prompt to signal that a behavior will be reinforced
positive discriminative stimulus
gradually removing a prompt
fading
having a person practice appropriate behaviors in an exaggerated fashion
positive practice
removing a specific reinforcer each time a behavior is performed is an example of:

positive reinforcement
positive punishment
negative punishment
negative reinforcement
negative punishment (this is response cost)
Having an individual correct the effects of their behavior and practice more appropriate behavior is an example of:
positive reinforcement
positive punishment
negative punishment
negative reinforcement
positive punishment (this is overcorrection)
time-out is usually considered:
positive reinforcement
positive punishment
negative punishment
negative reinforcement
negative punishment (however: some view it as a kind of extinction)
what is a difference between extinction and time-out?
extinction: continuous removal of a reinforcer from a previously reinforced response
time-out: involves removing all forms of reinforcement for a specific time following a behavior that may not have been established through reinforcement