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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Learning
A change in an organisms behavior due to experience
Classical Conditioning
Learning through association (Pavlov)
Spontaneous recovery
After a time lapse, it is the reappearance of a weakened CR
Operant Conditioning
Behavior is strengthened through reinforcement (skinner)
Shaping
The process of reinforcing successive approximations to a desired behavior
Reinforcement
any event that increases the likelihood of a response that it follows
Extinction
diminshing of a conditioned response
(stop pairing the food with a bell)
How to stop a CR
Generalization
Tendancy to respond to a stimuli similar to CS
Discrimination
Learned ability to distinguish btwn. CS and other irrelevant stimuli
Punishment
The process by which the aversive consequences decrease behavior
Punishment or negative reinforcement?
The delivery of a shock
Punishment
Punishment or negative reinforcement?
Termination of a shock
Negative reinforcement
Side effects of Punishment
Suppression of behavioral activity
Triggers strong emotional response
Increase aggressive behavior
How to make punishment more effective
Immediate
Not to harsh, not too easy
Explaination
Consistent
Clyde Wearing
2 minutes of memory
SI Shereshevski
Could recall every convo he has ever had
70-100 strings of numbers
Mahadevan
812 digits of PI
Haragushi
82,431 digits of PI
Levels of encoding
Visual
Acoustical
Symantical
(Process of getting info into memory)
Iconic Memory
photographic or picture image memory; visual only last 1/4 to 1/2 of second
Eidetic Imagery
Picture image memory that lasts for a couple of minutes
Echoic Memory
Sensory memory of auditory stimuli, lasts 2-4 seconds
Flashbulb Memory
Clarity for our memories of surprise, significant events
Short term
Limited storage capacity, and frequently involves acoustic encoding (remember: seven plus or minus two)
Long term memory
Stores vast amounts of information
Retrieval
Getting information out of memory storage
Mnemonic Devices
Cluster, Chunking, Hiarchy
Emotions
Involve physiological arousal, outer expression, and conscious experience
Primary Emotion
Universal, biological
Fear
Anger
Joy
Disgust
Surprise
Sadness
Self Conscience Emotion (SCE)
Require mental reflection, 2-3 year of life
Guilt, shame, embarassment
Non-Self Conscience Emotion (NSCE)
A
James Lange
Emotion results from the perception of one's own bodily reaction
Cannon-Baird
Emotion originates in the thalamus of the brain, which controls both emotional feelings and behavior
2 factor
Emotions depend on both physiological arousal and a cognitive interpretation or evaluation of that arousal
Common Sense Theory
You have emotions, then you tremble
Lie Detector Tests detect...
Breathing, pulse rate, Blood Pressure, perspiration