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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
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Asexual Reproduction
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A method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on the the offspring come from a single individual or parent
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Biotechnology
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The combination of technology and biological sciences
.




Bond
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The chemical link between atoms that hold molecules together
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Chromosome
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A thick, threadlike, structure that contains genetic information in the form of DNA
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Clone
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An organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced
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DNA
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The material found in all cells that contains genetic information about that organism
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Egg
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A sex cell produced by a female
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Expressed
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The way that an unseen gene is seen in an organism as an actual trait
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Gene
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A segment of DNA (on a chromosome) that contains the code for a specific trait
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Genetic Engineering
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A set of technologies that humans use to alter the genetic instructions of an organism by substituting DNA molecules
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Genetic Recombination
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The formation of a new combination of genes during sexual reproduction
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Heredity
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The passing of traits from parent to offspring
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Mutation
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Any alteration in the sequence of DNA
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Replicate
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To copy
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Selective Breeding
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The process of choosing a few organisms with desirable traits to serve as the parents of the next generation
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Sexual Reproduction
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A method of reproduction that involves two parents to produce offspring that are genetically different from either parent
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Sperm
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The male sex cell
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Subunit
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The section of DNA molecule that contains a sugar, a phosphate, and a base
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Template
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The pattern for a new molecule
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Trait
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A characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring through the genes