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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Which Theory is..
*based on a system of interacting parts w/in a boundary
*defines problems in Transactional terms
Systems Theory
Which theory views humans as
*Purposeful
*Goal-oriented
*Active
Systems Theory
Which Theory focuses intervention on reorienting the clt towards growth, adaptive transactions, & improved environments
Systems Theory
Which theory focuses on the "interrelatedness between people & environment"?
Ecological/Life Systems Model
What theory is Gordon (69') associated with?
Ecological/Life Systems Model
Which theory uses the terms
*Degree of fit
*Adaptiveness
*Niche
*Negative & Positive Stress
Ecological/Life Systems Model
The intervention approach of changing the transactions between clt and environment is associated with what theory?
Ecological/Life Systems Model
Who is associated w/ the Functional Approach to Therapy?
Robinson & Taft (30's)
What is the focus of the functional approach?
Psychology of growth w/ the center of change being w/in the client. Emphasis on clt's power for choice & growth
What are the hallmarks of Planned Short-Term or Task-Centered Treatment?
*Learning Theory & Behavior Modification
*Well-defined tasks
*Assess, Set Goals, Define Tasks
Which form of Tx has the following characteristics...
*Goal quick engagement and clts responsible for tx outcome
*Empirically developed
*Focus on clt ID of prob
*Specific tasks
Planned Short-Term or Task-Centered Tx.
What are the 4 P's of problem solving and what approach are they associated with?
*Person, Problem, Place (agency), Process (tx relationship)
*Problem solving approach
Which approach focuses on...
*The Ego
*Coping capacity
*Opportunities & Resources
Problem solving approach
Briefly describe the Psychosocial Approach.
*Diagnosis based on psychosocial Hx (medical, psychological & social).
*Clt viewed w/ context of external world
*Incorporates Systems Approach
*Flexible Tx based on clt's needs
Which form of Tx has the following characteristics...
*Goal quick engagement and clts responsible for tx outcome
*Empirically developed
*Focus on clt ID of prob
*Specific tasks
Planned Short-Term or Task-Centered Tx.
What are the 4 P's of problem solving and what approach are they associated with?
*Person, Problem, Place (agency), Process (tx relationship)
*Problem solving approach
Which approach focuses on...
*The Ego
*Coping capacity
*Opportunities & Resources
Problem solving approach
Briefly describe the Psychosocial Approach.
*Diagnosis based on psychosocial Hx (medical, psychological & social).
*Clt viewed w/ context of external world
*Incorporates Systems Approach
*Flexible Tx based on clt's needs
What are the two main concepts of Psychoanalytic Theory?
1) Unresolved conflict = psychopathology & anxiety; due to ego's inability to resolve demands of id, superego & reality
2) Fixation- failure to resolve conflict at any stage of development
What is Determinism?
Prior experiences & events affect fxning of mind, ordering of ideas, thoughts, feelings & behaviors.
Part of Psychoanalytic Theory
What is the Structural Model in Psychoanalytic Theory?
3 layers of mental activity- unconscious, preconscious, conscious
What is the Dynamic Principle?
Psychoanalytic Theory's understanding of conflict between id, ego & superego.
Unresolved conflict = anxiety
What is the Genetic Principle assumption of Psychoanalytic theory?
The early yrs of childhood are extremely important in personality development as the personality becomes fixed.
What are the 4 processes utilized in Psychoanalytic Theory?
Clarification
Confrontation
Interpretation
Work on goal to resolve intrapsychic conflict
What is the focus of Ego Psychology?
Rational, conscious process of the ego.
What is the goal of Ego Psychology?
Maintain & enhance ego's control & management of reality stress & effects
According to Individual Psychology, what is the single drive/motivation behind all behavior?
Striving for perfection
What is the goal of Individual Psychology Tx?
Develop an adaptive life by overcoming feeling inferiority & self centeredness & increase contribution to the welfare of others
What is the goal of Self Psychology?
Help the clt develop a greater sense of self cohesion (by re-experiencing frustrated self-object needs)
What are the 3 Self-Object needs discussed in Self Psychology?
1)Mirroring- validates kids' sense of perfect self
2)Idealization- child borrows strength from others more capable
3)Twinship/Twinning- kid needs alter ego to feel they belong to humanity
What are some common features and terms used in Rogerian Counseling OR Person/Client-Centered Therapy?
*Nondirective Tx
*"The Actualizing Tendency"
*Unconditional + regard
*Accurate Empathy
*Genuineness