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20 Cards in this Set

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Globalization
Globalization refers to a multi-dimensional set of social processes that create, multiply, stretch, and intensify worldwide social interdependencies and exchanges while at the same time fostering in people a growing awareness of deepening connections between the local and the distant
Globality
Globality is “characterized by the existence of global economic, political, cultural, and environmental interconnections and flows that make many of the currently existing borders and boundaries irrelevant
Implications of the shift from H/g to agriculture
Ideal land areas. Shift in power structures. HG is largely egalitarian. Agriculture development of city states. Acquire new territories, technology, craftsmen. Socio-economic stratification.
Atlantic Slave Trade
population transfer of an estimated 12 million Africans to the new world colonies of SA, NA, and the Caribbean exchange largely between African monarchs and merchants and European nation-states/merchants ( Portugal, Spain, Britain, France)
Triangular Trade
1.The outward passage from Europe to Africa carrying manufactured goods. 2. The middle passage from Africa to the Americas or the Caribbean carrying African captives and other 'commodities’. 3. The homeward passage carrying sugar, tobacco, rum, rice, cotton and other goods back to Europe
Colonial Situation in Africa (1914)
volume of world trade dramatically increases multi-national banks emerge “branding develops” heyday of European colonization
Indigenous
“People who are the original inhabitants of a territory and who seek to maintain political control over their resources and cultural heritage” .Members of formerly independent tribal societies who are engaged in a contemporary struggle for autonomy and survival in a world dominated by national governments and commercial elites”. A group of peoples who identify themselves with a specific small scale cultural heritage”
Culture
society and its way of life or in reference to human culture as a whole
Genocide
The extermination of a human population
Ethnocide
The forced destruction of a cultural system
Ecocide
The degradation of an ecosystem
Assimilation
Immigrants settle into a new land and obtain new customs and attitudes.
Acculturation
Exchange of cultural features. Different cultures come in contact. Original culture is altered or distinct
Self-Determination
Autonomy (self government)
Enculturation
Reproducing culture
Characteristics of small-scale cultures
Community level resources. Subsistence level living. Self sufficient .Relatively egalitarian. Wealth-leveling mechanisms
Characteristics of large-scale cultures
Large populations. Urban power bases. Complex politics, economies, and technology: Politicization: Wealth based class system. Not self-sufficient
Humanization Process
Humanization (Sapienization) leads to culture. Culture leads to community. Beginnings as small scale. Distribution of social power and material goods: Domestic-through the household
Politicization Process
Large scale agriculture – to sedentary living – to population increases – to processes of politicization. Distribution of social power and material goods: politically – through rulers. Uneven distribution
Commercialization Process
Commercialization as today’s dominant cultural process. Unevenly distributed material benefits. Distribution of social power and material goods: commercially – through the markets